We are happy to join former President Chandrika Bandanaike Kumaratunga and Ven. Omalpe Sobitha in congratulating some graduands of the University of Colombo, for snubbing their university’s new Chancellor, Ven. Muruththetuwe Ananda Thero, who was chief guest at its recent convocation where he was to hand over their degree certificates to the class of 2019. Tens of thousands of social media and television viewers were treated to images of what seemed a gigantic snub which left the venerable monk clearly bewildered and obviously embarrassed. Several young graduands, both men and women, walked past the monk holding the scrolls in which their certificates were enclosed without accepting their degrees from him. This forced the Vice-Chancellor to take the scrolls from Ven. Ananda and do the honours, posing briefly with the new graduates for the customary photographs. We did seen a few graduands accepting their certificates from the venerable Chancellor; but the vast majority did not snub the monk although social media clips attempted to project such a scenario; a clear lesson to us all not to take such clips at face value.
Earlier, Ven. Ananda was conducted to the platform at the head of the customary procession of the university’s faculty clad in their academic regalia. Not being a graduate, perhaps he was not entitled to be similarly attired though he did add a silk sash to his robe. However that be, he was installed on an ornate chair, draped with a white cloth as is traditional, to do the honours of handing over the degree certificates. What happened thereafter is now well known though the picture painted was much blacker than reality. No doubt the snub, however big or small it was, has been widely welcomed by a nation angered by what is widely considered a rank bad and inappropriate appointment similar to that of the serving head of the One Country, One Law Presidential Task Force.
The Colombo University chose to largely ignore what happened, issuing a short statement titled “Statement from University Colombo on Ceremonial Graduation 2019.” This was distinguished by not what it said but what it did not say. Some bland sentences were strung together in a few paragraphs reporting that three day-long physical ceremonial graduation of 2,668 graduates of the 2019 graduation class had been duly completed. “All those who graced the occasion and supported us” were thanked. So was the “Venerable Chancellor,” who was specifically named though what happened to him was politely ignored. Various others who helped organize the convocation were mentioned by title as were the young graduates and their parents who too were thanked for their support. To crown it all, the university reiterated its commitment to “uphold decent behavior and attitudes among all sectors of the university and regretted any misrepresentation of the university’s reputation and good name in producing the best of global citizen,” whatever that may mean.
This statement issued through the Government Information Department was unsigned. Presumably the Vice Chancellor takes responsibility for it. But what could the poor lady do? She can’t stand up like the rest of us ordinary folk and say “serves him right, he damned well deserved it.” After all the President made the appointment. Can the university collectively thumb its nose at him? And would the president have got the message that was clear though blatantly exaggerated? The usually vociferous monk has attempted to brush off the incident which will be long remembered even in this nation of notoriously short memories. At a press conference, an acolyte (golaya) was sharply critical of the Vice-Chancellor who Ven. Ananda’s supporters seem to regard very negatively over what happened. She, after all, handed over the degree certificates to some graduands who refused to accept them from the monk and posed for photos.
Ven Ananda’s already got what used to be Thimbirigasyaya Road named after him. His temple served as a political office for the ruling Sri Lanka Podu Jana Peramuna (SLPP) before the presidential and parliamentary elections. More recently he was a familiar presence on national television, stridently critical of those he helped elect on various issues over which the government had become massively unpopular. It would not be unreasonable to ask whether the recent appointment was an attempt to shut his mouth.
Opinions widely differ on whether some jobs are not for the clergy. There are those who strongly believe that Parliament is not a place for Buddhist monks. But several members of the Buddhist clergy have been elected to our legislature by the votes of the people and others have been appointed thorough party National Lists. Archbishop Makarios was President of Cyprus. Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist Minister who led the American civil rights movement. Clergymen of various religious persuasions would surely have run for and been elected public office in many parts of the world. The Sorbonne-educated Prof. Ven. Kollupitiye Mahinda Sangharakkhitha Nayake Thero is the Chancellor of the University of Kelaniya and not even a whisper of criticism has ever been heard about that appointment.
Apart from Chancellors, there have been eminent Buddhist monks who have served as Vice-Chancellors, the chief executives of universities, and two notable names readily come to mind – Ven. Welivitiye Sri Soratha, who became the first Vice-Chancellor of the Vidyodaya University when the Vidyodaya and Vidyalankara Pirivenas were accorded university status, and Ven. Walpola Rahula who was also Vice-Chancellor of Vidyodaya. Ven. Soratha, a scholar monk of revered memory, was credited as being a fount of great wisdom and his appointment adorned the university he headed. So also the highly accomplished Ven. Rahula, the first Buddhist monk to be appointed a professor of a Western university when he was appointed to the Chair of History and Religions at Northwestern University in the USA.
We are not admirers of much of what university students in this country do, notably the savage ragging that have too long been permitted to continue. But in this instance, though infinitely smaller than falsely projected, we join a cross-section of the country in applauding what a decided small minority of the students did.
Address cause of mob justice
Friday 20th May, 2022
There has been a call for the appointment of a Parliamentary Select Committee to probe the alleged complicity of some defence and police bigwigs in goon attacks on a group of anti-government protesters in Colombo on 09 May. This call should be heeded. The SLPP goons who went on the rampage, and others who made use of the Galle Face attacks to set the country ablaze must be severely dealt with, according to the law.
No one should be allowed to attack peaceful protesters, or destroy anyone else’s property under any circumstances, and Monday’s SLPP goon attacks and the ensuing spate of mob violence amounted to an assault on the rule of law. There should be zero tolerance for mob justice, which is a manifestation of savagery, and antithetical to democracy.
Questions have been raised in Parliament about the government decision to provide the MPs, affected by mob violence on 09 May, with houses in a state-run housing scheme. Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said it was only a temporary arrangement, and there was a precedent. He got it right when he said that unless steps were taken to look after the lawmakers affected by mob violence, good men and women would be wary of entering Parliament. Most members of the current Parliament cannot be considered decent, but indiscriminate attacks on the MPs, and a sustained hostile campaign against the legislature, which some politicians and their parties have unfortunately brought into disrepute, will make decent people avoid politics like the plague; Parliament might end up having only trigger-happy characters as its members, in such an eventuality, as the PM said.
Most of the problems the country is beset with boil down to one thing—the breakdown of the rule of law. Parliament ought to address this issue and sort it out urgently if further trouble is to be averted. Given the country’s rapid descent into lawlessness, nobody will be safe. If the rule of law had prevailed, the Galle Face protesters would have been safe on 09 May, and there would have been no retaliatory attacks.
The breakdown of the rule of law is also one of the main reasons for the present economic crisis. Anti-graft laws are not properly enforced, and powerful politicians and their cronies are free to amass huge amounts of ill-gotten wealth at the expense of the state coffers, and even make a vulgar display of it with impunity. Election laws are blatantly flouted; candidates are free to receive and spend colossal amounts of undeclared funds, and even anti-social elements like drug lords can bankroll election campaigns. Massive tax cuts and import duty waivers that the current administration effected immediately after the presidential election in 2019 were intended to benefit the moneybags who lavished funds on the SLPP politicians for electioneering and other purposes. They led to a sharp drop in the state revenue, and a huge increase in money printing, which contributed to soaring inflation and unprecedented currency devaluation.
The current economic meltdown has been blamed on a coterie of politicians and their kith and kin who have earned notoriety for bribery and corruption. They would not have been able to return to power, much less ruin the economy, if they had been made to pay for their crimes, after their defeat in 2015. They could have been dealt with while they were in the Opposition during the Sirisena-Wickremesinghe regime (2015-2019). But the yahapalana leaders struck various deals with them. This is the price the country has had to pay for allowing the rule of law to be subjugated to the interests of the politicians in power.
Meanwhile, the government is planning to compensate the MPs whose properties were destroyed by violent mobs last week, we are told. Before that, the taxman should be made to ask the victims how they raised funds for the acquisition of the properties that have been either damaged or destroyed. If they cannot provide satisfactory answers, public funds must not be utilised to compensate them.
Thursday 19th May, 2022
Dissident SLPP MP Wimal Weerawansa has hinted that goon attacks on a group of anti-government protesters on 09 May were due to a clash between President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and his brother, Mahinda Rajapaksa, who was the Prime Minister at the time. He went ballistic in Parliament, on Tuesday, while decrying the attacks on the Galle Face protesters. He laid the blame for the incidents of violence at the feet of those who had organised a meeting of local government members at Temple Trees, on that day. Calling for legal action against all of them, he revealed that the police had not carried out President Rajapaksa’s order that the SLPP goons be prevented from marching on the Galle Face Green. He claimed someone had prevented the police from using force to disperse the mob.
Most of the pro-government goons were sozzled to the gills and staggering, and a high velocity stream of water would have swept them off their unsteady feet, and sent them crawling whence they had come, but the police did not use water cannon on those characters. The CID has questioned Senior DIG Deshabandu Tennakoon, who was present at the Galle Face Green, and he should be able to reveal what actually happened. The person who ordered the police to give kid-glove treatment to the SLPP rowdies must be traced and brought to justice.
Weerawansa also claimed that there had been a delay on the part of the Army in reaching the Galle Face Green to prevent the goon attacks although the President had called for immediate action. The allegation must be probed.
Accusing the police of having done nothing while his house was being attacked, Weerawansa claimed that the police had been asked to look the other way. He called for action against the police and security forces top brass responsible for the breakdown of law and order on 09 May.
The police have arrested some SLPP MPs and their supporters for the Galle Face attack, but it is the masterminds behind the incidents who have to be taken in for questioning. Let the police be urged to arrest those who organised the Temple Trees meeting, and incited violence.
Make MPs wait in queues
Arrangements have been made for the members of Parliament to refuel their vehicles at the police filling station in Colombo while hundreds of thousands of people are waiting in long queues for petrol, diesel and kerosene, in all parts of the country. Why should the MPs be given this kind of special treatment? They do not carry out their legislative duties and functions properly, and it defies comprehension why special arrangements should be made to make fuel available to them.
Parliament wasted its time on Tuesday. The government and the Opposition should have elected the Deputy Speaker unanimously instead of resorting to a political battle. The vote on the Opposition’s motion for suspending Standing Orders for a motion of censure against President Gotabaya Rajapaksa to be advanced was an exercise in futility. The entire country has censured the President so much so that he has even agreed to strip himself of some of his executive powers, and taken steps to appoint an interim government. Therefore, the question is whether there is any need for Parliament to censure the President separately at the expense of what needs to be done urgently to stabilise the economy and grant relief to the public. Perhaps, Parliament should consider passing a motion to censure itself for its callous disregard for the suffering of the hapless public.
The MPs must be made to undergo the same hardships as the ordinary people who maintain them; their perks and privileges will make even their counterparts in affluent countries green with envy. In Sweden, as we have pointed out in a previous comment, the MPs and ministers are not entitled to vehicles or fuel allowances; they are given only bus and train passes. If they use private vehicles, they have to do so at their own expense. Only the Prime Minister is given an official vehicle there. But in this country, which politicians and their kith and kin have bankrupted, the MPs get first dibs on everything, and live in the lap of luxury while the ordinary people are suffering.
The MPs must be made to wait in queues to refuel their vehicles.
Grusha, Ranil and divided House
Wednesday 18th May, 2022
Parliament has demonstrated, once again, that it does not give a tinker’s cuss about unity and collective action. While the country is burning, and yearning for political stability, the government and the Opposition turned yesterday’s election of the Deputy Speaker into a political battle. The SLPP sought to prove that it exercised control over the House; it fielded MP Ajith Rajapaksa, who received 109 votes, and the Opposition candidate Rohini Wijeratne (SJB), could secure only 78 votes while 23 votes were rejected. The Opposition’s motion seeking the suspension of Standing Orders for a censure motion against President Gotabaya Rajapaksa to be taken up expeditiously was also defeated. The government secured 119 votes as opposed to the Opposition’s 68.
The government may try to make yesterday’s votes in the House out to be another victory for the ‘Rajapaksas’. But numbers are deceptive. One may recall that in 2018, the UNP-led UNF managed to secure a comfortable majority in the House and foil an attempt to dislodge it, but the UNP and its offshoot, the SJB, suffered humiliating electoral defeats the following year. The SJB and its allies should also have a proper assessment of their strength. The censure motion against the President will only cause the House to waste time and put paid to efforts being made to bring about political reconciliation.
Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, in his address to the nation, on Monday, spoke the unvarnished truth. He made no revelations, though. Everybody knows the worst is yet to come. But he is right in having reminded the people of the tough times ahead and the need to brace themselves for the worst-case scenario. He also infused the public with some hope.
The subtext of the PM’s speech was of interest; he said the country’s foreign currency reserves had been at USD 7.5 billion in November 2019 (when his government fell), the implication being that he cannot be blamed for the current economic mess, which mainly is due to the prevailing forex crisis. But those who were at the helm of the yahapalana government are also responsible for the present economic downturn. The debt overhang is partly inherited. According to Verite Research data, at the end of 2014, Sri Lanka’s economic growth rate was 5%, and it dropped to 2.3% in 2019. Between the end of 2015 and the end of 2019, the country’s external public debt increased by USD 12.5 billion, and gross official reserves decreased by USD 0.57 billion.
Successive governments including the yahapalana regime have done precious little to increase foreign exchange reserves by boosting exports and restricting imports. The Covid-19 pandemic aggravated the crisis; earnings from tourism, and remittances dropped sharply, and lockdowns, etc., here and overseas, took a heavy toll on Sri Lankan exports. The SLPP dispensation drove the country to bankruptcy by mismanaging the economy; it refused to seek IMF assistance early, reduced taxes recklessly, indulged in wasteful expenditure, carried out various rackets such as the sugar tax scam, threw money around by way of relief for political reasons, printed enormous amounts of money thereby causing currency devaluation and soaring inflation, and allowed illegal money transfer schemes such as hawala and undiyal to flourish, with some corrupt government bigwigs allegedly benefiting therefrom. The SLPP’s argument that the pandemic was the root cause of the present economic crisis is untenable in that the foreign currency reserves of other countries in the region grew significantly despite the global health emergency.
The ‘new’ government’s efforts to find out the causes of the economic crisis are superfluous; there is no need to reinvent the wheel. The Central Bank, the Finance Ministry, the IMF and independent economists have identified them and recommended how to tackle them. The task that the government is expected to accomplish is to bring about political and social order, without which no economic recovery is possible, have external debt restructured urgently, find bridge financing to make essential commodities and services available, while trying to secure the IMF bailout package expeditiously, eliminate waste and corruption, curtail state expenditure, present a new budget, and restore the rule of law.
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Wickremesinghe would have us believe it is pure altruism that has driven him to undertake his current mission, which is a massive political gamble. He has likened himself to Grusha in Brecht’s Caucasian Chalk Circle. One finds this analogy interesting. Grusha is a dazzling emblem of love, faithfulness, integrity, selflessness, righteousness and justice. Could this be said about the new PM? We leave it to our readers.
However, there is one striking similarity between Grusha and Ranil. Grusha saves the child of a Governor killed in a coup, and Ranil stands accused of trying to protect a former Prime Minister’s son, among others, amidst a political upheaval.
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