Connect with us

Features

Disposal of Muslim Covid-19 Fatalities: A Compromise Proposition

Published

on

The controversy over the Gazette notification issued in April 2020 under the hand of the Director-General of Health Services mandating the disposal of all Covid-19 affected dead bodies by cremation has escalated into an ethno-religious political fervour of unwanted, unintended and counter-productive proportions. What was essentially a directive predicated solely on protecting national health concerns during a raging pandemic whose contours were still to be determined within the scientific community (due to the newness of the phenomenon), the primary concern was to eliminate even the remotest possibility of transmission of the virus by destruction of it through subjecting the mortal remains to intense heat.

This directive apparently impinged on sensitive religious beliefs and practices adhered to by the Muslim community which purportedly prescribes burial as part of the sine qua non for post-mortal salvation. The medical concern enforced as legal directive was predicated on the possibility of transmission of the virus to other human beings via the medium of water, especially since the groundwater table in Sri Lanka is comparatively at a very shallow level as is demonstrated by the high proportionate dependence of the populace on well water, especially among those living outside the immediate precincts of urban areas served by pipe-borne water.

This writer being a concerned Sociologist and Demographer (and not being a virologist, hydrologist, epidemiologist or an expert on medico-legal issue) sees the need to resolve the impasse with minimal fallout for the large majority of the national population. The world-renowned Sri Lankan Virologist, Prof. Malik Peiris has more than highlighted this urgency in a Sunday Weekly of December 20 stating ‘I fear that this dispute on burial for those who have strong religious beliefs in this regard, is already leading to increased transmission because of the loss of community participation in sections of the affected community. So, rather than reducing risk, this policy is already increasing the risk’.

The compromise this writer would like to propose is to minimize the potential for contamination via the contact with the water table and to maximize on the acceptability of burial of affected bodies by selected recipient communities. The presence of the wet and dry zones of this country would commonsensically suggest that the dry zone’s water table would be at a much lower depth than that of the wet zone. The potential for contamination through water would thus be minimized if the limited number of Muslim burials were carried out in the dry zone. One might add that Prof. Malik Peiris himself in the same article states that ‘it is absurd to say that there are NO parts of Sri Lanka where the water table is sufficiently below ground level that burial is possible safely’.

But what of the misgivings that have been raised within the national population at large? The renowned American Sociologist of early 20th Century, W. I. Thomas famously propounded that ‘once the situation is defined as real, it is real’ irrespective of its truth content and that social reality operates from that premise. Coming closer to action predicated on premise and hypothesis, the world at large recently witnessed the much publicized episode of the unearthing and incineration of millions of mink culled on the suspicion of being afflicted with covid-19 by Denmark, a very-developed Scandinavian country subscribing to impeccable health standards. If the Sri Lankan dry zone is more ‘suitable’ for effecting Covid-19 affected burials, who in the dry zone will raise minimal opposition to such burial within their community. Since the animosity to the directive was raised mainly by the Muslim community due to its religious opposition, obviously the Muslim communities residing in the dry zone would be in the best position to extend overtures of Islamic Brotherhood and accept the afflicted bodies of their fellow Muslim brethren for burial. Such localities should be selected on the proportionate presence of the Muslim community since the potential for opposition would be minimized therefrom.

It is a well known fact that in spite of maintaining the highest inter-ethnic growth rate in independent Sri Lanka, its Muslim community accounted for 9.2 percent of the national population at the 2012 Census of Population. However, it is also common knowledge that this proportionate share is at a maximum in the Amparai District (climbing to 43.6 percent). Perhaps, what is not that well known is that when one goes down the administrative ladder to the next Divisional Secretarial level, there are three DS Divisions viz., Kalmunai, Saindamarudu and Akkaraipattu, each of which has more than 99.0 percent of its population belonging to the Muslim community. (There are three more DSDs, – viz; Nintavur, Addalachenai and Irakkam – in the same Amparai District which have in excess of 90 percent belonging to the Muslim community.)

These statistics have been provided to suggest that any suitable Grama Niladari Division within any of the above DSDs in Amparai should theoretically have hardly any ethno-religious opposition to accommodating the burial of any covid-19 afflicted Muslim person’s body. In fact, they should welcome the opportunity to support their brethren in a Pan-Islamic embrace of Muslim brotherhood in their hour of need.

At the practical logistic level, what entails our proposition? To date this writer (voluntarily restricting his sources primarily to the print medium) has seen only one fleeting reference to the ethnic composition of the covid-19 afflicted dead. Malinda Seneviratne (Sunday Island, 13th December) stated that up to a count of 129 covid-19 dead, there were 44 Muslims among them which works out to 34.1 percent, well above three times the population representation of the Muslim community in Sri Lanka. (This would legitimately demand medico-health based probing and answers as to why this is so and initiate activities and programmes to mitigate this trend; the pursuit of that endeavor is, however, outside the scope of our current practical proposition.)

What needs to be emphasized is that as at the 10th month of covid-19 evolution in Sri Lanka, the numbers in Muslim burials in this manner is still within very manageable proportions. But if we for a moment entertain the visitation of a worst case scenario akin to what is being enacted in the USA currently, the numbers would be hugely and staggeringly compounded. According to the statistics provided by Johns Hopkins University and daily displayed by CNN, USA is well on a tragic trajectory to record 1,000 covid-19 deaths per day on an average when they complete one year since they recorded their first death. (This means that the death toll which has moved beyond 325,000 on Christmas eve will be over 365,000 deaths when they surpass 365 days since they recorded the first death and this, I believe, is around late February or early March 2021.) The Sri Lankan population on the threshold of 22 million (census scheduled for 2021 once accomplished will confirm the actual figure) is 1/15th the size of USA of 330 million. Thus when prorated for population we would have faced over 24,000 covid-19 deaths nationally and if the current ethno-mortality status quo prevailed, over 8,000 of those bodies would belong to Muslims and this would happen by mid-March next year. If, however, the currently unfolding covid-19 scenario persists with around 190 deaths by Christmas eve the tally at the end of one year since recording our first death in March should not be exceeding 350 nationally and under 120 Sri Lanka Muslims and not anywhere near the ghastly USA worst case scenario of over 8,000 Muslim covid-19 affected deaths.

Our proposal thus is for all parties to relent on their rigid stance; the government to consider burial in the dry zone (if necessary, with a supplemental gazette notification) where the contamination of the water table will be minimized and for the sensitive religious communities to accept the dead bodies of their brethren and accommodate the requisite space and extend necessary religious services. The government needs to bear the expenses of transporting the dead in acceptably hygienic condition as is prescribed by the medical professionals.

 

Dayalal Abeysekera

Ph.D., (Brown)

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Features

SLAF on hazardous wall, Sri Lanka Air Force has sent us the following statement……

Published

on

Sri Lanka Air Force has sent us the following statement in response to an article (That hazardous Ratmalana Wall) published on 21 Jan.

It is with regret that I would like to inform you that the newspaper article titled “That Hazardous Ratmalana Wall” published in The “Island” newspaper of 21 January 2021 contains false information which has not been clarified from the Air Force Director Media nor any other official channel of the Sri Lanka Air Force (SLAF).

It should also be highlighted that the Sri Lanka Air Force does not wish to challenge the freedom of reporting information by journalists. However, news articles of this nature published with the use of unsubstantiated information tarnishes the image of Sri Lanka Air Force.

The newspaper article in concern has caught the attention of the Commander of the Sri Lanka Air Force. As alleged in the article, the Commander has not declared on behalf of the SLAF that there is no objection for the removal of the wall and replacing it with a fence. On the contrary he had in fact stated that a collapsible wall could be put in place of the permanent wall which should have a solid finish obstructing the view from outside due to security reasons.

In addition, to date there has been no incident/accident reported at the Ratmalana Airfield related to the wall along the Galle Road. Further, vehicles such as passenger coach/container etc; travelling on the main road would be taller than the wall in concern and according to the article, the main road would also have to be closed each and every time when an aircraft approaching of taking off from that end of the runway. International runway due to limitations which is also can be considered as hazardous to flight safety, SLAF consider Flight Safety is a paramount important factor as an organization which operates different types of aircraft over the years from this airfield.

It is pertinent to mention the wall in concern was erected by the SLAF before year 2009 with the consent of the Airport and Aviation Sri Lanka (AASL) to address the security concerns at that time and maintained to date. The outer perimeter security of the Colombo International Airport at Ratmalana is being provided by the SLAF free of charge over years. As a measure of gratitude, with the consent of AASL and the approval of the Ministry of Defence (MOD), SLAF authorized to erect hoardings along this wall and to utilize the funds generated for welfare measures of airmen.

Further, publishing of an article which has an author with a fictional name will have serious and adverse effects on the newspaper as well as the goodwill which prevails between SLAF and AASL. The goodwill which prevails between the SLAF and your esteemed Organization will also be adversely effected by articles of this nature. SLAF Directorate of Media always provide accurate and precise information to media institutions which has an impact on general public as well as to other organizations. Undersigned is contactable any time of the day through mobile (0772229270) to clarify ambiguities of SLAF related information.

In conclusion, I would like to express our displeasure regarding the newspaper article in concern and the damage which has been done to the good name of the Sri Lanka Air Force and in particular to the Commander of Air Force.

 

WADC WIJESINGHE

Group Captain

DIRECTOR MEDIA

for COMMANDER OF THE AIR FORCEs

Continue Reading

Features

Dog-eat-dog culture

Published

on

By Rajitha Ratwatte

There is an old joke that goes around regularly about Sri Lankans’ in hell. How absolutely no guards are needed to keep Lankans in hell because they do a very good job of pulling each other down into hell when anyone even looks like they will escape. When you extrapolate that into real life in the Pearl, the examples are plenty. All of us have personal experiences of neighbours, peers, relations and even our bosses “cutting us” as the popular phrase goes. It is mostly those who either realise and watch out for these pitfalls or those who clearly identify a powerful figure to “bum suck” for want of a better word that display pure unadulterated sycophancy to, that “progress” to propagate these trends in the future. This I believe is something that is triggered by the basest of all human emotions, jealousy, and probably egged on by a sense of insecurity as well.

One would expect that in a nation of devout Buddhists such reprehensible behaviour would be addressed and controlled. Alas it is not to be and looks like it never will be.

It is rather disconcerting to observe that this behaviour is ‘going strong’ among the Lankan community in this the land of the “long White Cloud” as well. The more I live here and mix with the community, the more I hear about people who try to start new projects or give fruition to new and possibly brilliant schemes who have been stymied by fellow citizens born in the Pearl. They indulge in the anonymous letter method (that dates back from time immemorial) made even easier by using false identities, and “one-off” e mail addresses on the web. They inform all government authorities of what they believe are attempts to break the law of their adopted country. If there are bilateral trade agreements, they diligently contact the other parties and try to cast aspersions on the people concerned. They even inform the management of any company that these people with the new ideas may be working at, that their employee may be breaking a sub clause in his contract and thinking of doing some other business while working for them. All triggered by a wonderful sense of self-righteousness from people who don’t think twice about breaking the law when it concerns their own affairs!

As a result, those who have had a measure of success, guard their positions very carefully and a few who have tried to include other Lankans in their operations have learned hard lessons from those who stole their trade secrets and started rival businesses on their own. I daresay this happens in other communities too, but among the Chinese and Indian communities that form similar minorities in Aotearoa, there are official networks formed to help new immigrants. There are schemes and methods in place to help their people do business, especially in the field of imports, to try and reach some sort of equilibrium with regard to the balance of trade between Aotearoa and their home countries. Sri Lanka imports so much milk from New Zealand but almost nothing of our spices, gems and jewellery, tourism products or even our tea that used to have a much larger share of the market, are imported.

In these desperate economic times, shouldn’t the government be looking at ways to improve our export trade? There are so many pockets and communities of Lankans in so many different countries who are doing well enough to be able to afford some luxuries from their home countries but have to pay exorbitant prices or do without. A recent import of ‘sweet meats’ for Sinhala New Year saw such a massive offtake that great plans for expansion were disrupted by Covid-19, before the Lankan rivals could put paid to it. Although such plans were in place!

Something that is rather obvious to those observing the antics in the Pearl from outside is that there seems to be no plan. Innovative thinking, especially in the field of ‘non-traditional’ exports does not exist. We have all seen how fickle tourism is. Using our fertile soil and the artistic skills of our people to build a reputation for quality exports has been totally neglected in recent times. I daresay the relevant ministries and export bodies exist, but it is a well-known fact that they simply serve as JOBS for political catchers, who do nothing except enjoy a foreign junket or two every year on account of the taxpayer.

That brilliant marketing idea of the Ceylon Tea Centers was so far ahead of its time that no one really understood it. We had the best retail locations in some of the greatest cities in Europe and the UK and were building up a great reputation for serving quality tea and promoting our cuisine. It should have been expanded to handle handicraft products on the lines of Laksala and even spices. Of course, promoting our culture, hospitality and tourism would have followed. There are two ways to handle a crisis. We can either put up our shutters and slide deeper and deeper into the mire of debt and economic ruin, or take some bold steps, make innovative investments and take a gamble on products and ideas that are endemic to our country.

 

Even if the latter method fails the end result couldn’t be much worse! Go down fighting I say! Rather than ask expatriates to come back and try to work in a totally corrupt and politician dominated society, approach expatriates with ideas in other countries and back them to promote those ideas if they show real economic benefits to our land. Not everything will work but even a 5% success rate is better than nothing at all.

It is also acknowledged that RANIL has been reappointed as leader of the UNP. Now then, what does this mean? Is it that the Uncle-Nephew party has stuck to tradition or does it mean that at least some people have realized that an experienced politician with world recognition and a certain amount of credibility in the first world, is useful to have around? Search your minds all you critics who blamed absolutely everything on Ranil. Have a dispassionate look at the Muppets in parliament and think for yourself what sort of account they would give of themselves on the world stage. After you do this, place Ranil on the world stage next to those morons and realize for yourself the DIFFERENCE!

 

fromoutsidethepearl@gmail.com

Continue Reading

Features

Lenin comes to town (again)

Published

on

By Gwynne Dyer

When Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny returned to Moscow on Sunday after convalescing in Germany from an attempted poisoning by the FSB domestic spy agency, the regime-friendly media loyally failed to mention his arrival. With one striking exception: Vremya, the flagship news show of Russian state television.

Presumably, somebody there was hoping to win favour with the Kremlin, because they briefly mentioned Navalny three-quarters of the way through Sunday’s two-hour programme. In fact, they compared Navalny’s trip home to Vladimir Lenin’s famous return to Russia in 1917, and suggested that he was as great a danger to Russia as Lenin had been.

As every Russian knows, the Germans plucked Lenin from exile in Switzerland in the middle of the First World War. He was sent across Germany in a ‘sealed train’ (so he wouldn’t spread the infection of Communism there) to St. Petersburg, then in the throes of Russia’s first democratic revolution – and he did just what the Germans had hoped he would.

Lenin overthrew the fumbling democratic ‘Provisional Government’ in a military coup, took Russia out of the First World War – and launched a 73-year totalitarian Communist regime that cost at least 20 million Russian lives in purges, famines and lesser acts of repression. Is Navalny really that great a danger?

The ambitious presenter at Vremya probably won’t get the job he wanted, because President Vladimir Putin really won’t have liked seeing his noisiest critic compared in stature to Lenin, a genuine world-historical figure. Putin himself never mentions Navalny’s name at all.

Russians cannot even put a name to the system they live under, as the poor Vremya presenter’s confusion illustrates. It’s certainly not a democracy, although there are regular elections. It’s definitely not Communist, although most of the regime’s senior figures were Communists before they discovered a better route to power and wealth.

It’s not a monarchy, although Putin has been in power for twenty years and is surrounded by a court of extremely rich allies and cronies. And ‘kleptocracy’ is just a pejorative term used mostly by foreigners, although Navalny does habitually refer to Putin and his cronies as “crooks and thieves”.

In fact, Putin’s regime is not a system at all. Its only ideology is a traditional Russian nationalism that is lightweight compared to blood-and-soil religious and racist movements like Trump’s in the United States and Modi’s in India. It’s a purely personal regime, and it is very unlikely to survive his dethronement or demise.

Putin has been in power for twenty years, and he has just changed the constitution with a referendum that lets him stay in power until 2036. But that seems unlikely, partly because he is already 68 and partly because the younger generation of Russians is getting restless and bored.

Navalny is a brave man who has gone home voluntarily to face a spell in Putin’s jails. (He missed two parole appointments for a suspended sentence on trumped-up embezzlement charges because he was in Germany recovering from the FSB assassination attempt.) But his role in Russian politics so far had been more gadfly than revolutionary.

His supporters do their homework and make clever, witty videos detailing the scandalous financial abuses of the regime (the latest is a virtual tour of Putin’s new $1 billion seaside palace on the Black Sea near Novorossiysk), but he is probably not the man who will finally take Putin down. What he is doing to great effect is mobilising the tech-savvy young.

Since 2018 the average age of protesters at anti-Putin demos, mostly linked to Navalny one way or another, has dropped by a decade, and their boldness has risen in proportion. Moreover, their attitude to the regime now verges on contempt. Rightly so: consider, for example, the last two assassination attempts by regime operatives.

In 2018, the GRU, the Russian military intelligence agency, sent two agents to England to kill defector Sergei Skripov and his daughter Yulia. The agents made two trips to Salisbury because they couldn’t find the right house, they were tracked by CCTV every step of the way, and in the end, they left too little novichok (nerve poison) on the doorknob to kill the targets.

Equally crude and bumbling was the FSB’s attack on Navalny in Tomsk, where the novichok was put on his underpants. Once again, the target survived, and afterwards the investigative site Bellingcat was able to trace FSB agents tracking Navalny on forty flights over several years before the murder was attempted.

Neither agency is fit for 21st-century service, nor is the regime they both serve. Russians have put up with it for a long time because they were exhausted and shamed by the wild political banditry of the 1990s, but Putin’s credit for having put an end to that has been exhausted. He may still be in power for years, but this is a regime on the skids.

Continue Reading

Trending