‘How Parliament violated Standing Orders and Constitution in gazetting twice rejected controversial Bill’
By Shamindra Ferdinando
The Federation of National Organisations (FNO) says the move to secure parliamentary approval for the controversial Bill titled ‘Human Rights Organisation (Incorporation) Act’ should be inquired into at the highest political level.
The Supreme Court bench comprising Chief Justice Jayantha Jayasuriya, PC, Justice Mahinda Samayawardhena and Justice Arjuna Obeyesekere has ruled that Clause 6 of the Bill is not consistent with Article 76(1) of the Constitution. The SC has also ruled that Clause 7 of the Bill is not consistent with Articles 3, 4 and 12(1) of the Constitution. Having said so, the SC declared that in terms of the Article 123(2) of the Constitution, the Bill should be passed by a special majority in line with paragraph (2) of Article 84 and endorsed at a Referendum.
Dr. Wasantha Bandara, Raja Goonerathne and Nuwan Ballantudawa moved the SC in terms of the Article 121 of the Constitution. In their petition, the Attorney General was named the respondent whereas Ms Kanishka de Silva Balapatabendi, SSC and Ms Indumini Randeny, SC appeared for the AG. Chamara Nanayakkarawasam, Dinesh De Silva and Dimuthu Fernando represented the petitioners.
Dr. Bandara yesterday (8) said that the FNO would be soon writing to Samagi Jana Balavegaya (SJB) Chief Sajith Premadasa, who is also the Opposition Leader, as the Bill in question had been submitted to Parliament as a Private Member’s Bill by its National List MP Tissa Attanayake.
Responding to queries raised by The Island, Dr. Bandara said that the FNO recognized the right of lawmakers to present Private Members’ Bills. “There cannot be any dispute over that privilege. We respect MP Attanayake’s right. However, we do not see any harm in seeking a clarification from the MP concerned and the party he is representing”.
Dr. Bandara said that the same Private Bill had been previously submitted by Hunais Farook (2013) and Ali Zahir Moulana (2015) on behalf of the All Ceylon Makkal Congress (ACMC) and the UNP, respectively. However, on both occasions, they had failed to proceed with the project though MP Attanayake, one-time General Secretary of the UNP brought it back, Dr. Bandara said.
Dr. Bandara said that the SC, in its ruling acknowledged the petitioners’ principle argument that the Bill had been gazetted on July 20, 2021 and placed on the Order Paper of Parliament on August 3, but without obtaining the Attorney General’s opinion. Therefore the procedure adopted by Parliament not only violated Standing Orders but Article 78 (2) of the Constitution as well, the SC noted on the basis of submissions made on behalf of the petitioners.
Dr. Bandara said that they moved the SC immediately after the first reading of the Bill. Responding to another query, Dr. Bandara said that the FNO would also write to Speaker Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena in that regard as Parliament Secretary General Dhammika Dasanayake had adopted a strategy in violation of Standing Orders and the Constitution.
Dr. Bandara emphasised that lawmaker Attanayake’s move should be studied taking into consideration the continuing efforts to punish the war-winning Sri Lankan military and other security authorities in terms of Geneva Resolutions passed since Oct 1, 2015. Asked whether the FNO would take up the issue with the SLPP government, Dr. Bandara said that they backed the ruling party at both presidential and parliamentary polls in 2019 and 2020, respectively. One of the primary issues at the last national elections was Western and their allies interfering here, Dr. Bandara said, adding that their agenda seemed obviously on track.
The FNO wouldn’t have to move SC if Parliament sought the opinion of the AG, Dr. Bandara said. The move to establish what Dr. Bandara called an organisation parallel to the Human Rights Commission of Sri Lanka portends a grave danger, the nationalist civil society activist said.
The torpedoed Bill comprised 15 Clauses, Dr. Bandara said, urging the SJB to examine how one of its National List MPs got involved in the project against the country’s interest. Noting that political parties represented in Parliament had been largely silent on the issue at hand, Dr. Bandara questioned the rationale in pushing for the establishment of a new organisation as already HRCSL was in place.
Dr. Bandara said that the government couldn’t be unaware that such Bills had been prepared by interested parties with the involvement of external players over a period of time. Actually, party leaders should take up the issue with the Speaker and the Secretary General of Parliament as the House violating Standing Orders and the Constitution couldn’t be accepted under any circumstances.
learns that the FNO had consulted the HRCSL before moving the SC.
Dr. Bandara said that in spite of various statements made by different government spokespersons and the much publicised declaration in March 2020 that Sri Lanka quit 2015 resolution, the country was still on the Geneva agenda. The government was yet to properly respond to the Geneva threat and remained utterly unfocussed much to the disappointment of the vast majority of people, he said.
The fact that Army Chief General Shavendra Silva, who is also the Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) remained blacklisted by the US since Feb 2020 should serve as a grim reminder to the challenge the country faced.
Central Bank urged to save collapsing local industries
The National Freedom Front (NFF) has requested the immediate intervention of the Governor of the Central Bank Ajith Nivard Cabraal to save micro, small and medium scale industries badly affected by the current economic downturn caused by the Covid-19.
The NFF parliamentary group comprises six members, including one National List.
Industries Minister Wimal Weerawansa, on behalf of the SLPP constituent parties, has warned of steep increase in unemployment, drop in the contribution made by small and medium scale industries to the national economy and the further widening of the gap between the rich and poor.
Party sources told The Island that the NFF had decided to take up the urgent matter because, in spite of repeated promises, those who had been severely affected were yet to receive assistance. Minister Weerawansa has urged the Central Bank to restructure loans obtained by affected industries and also extend the moratorium.
Weerawansa has in a letter dated Oct.18, told Cabraal that according to a survey conducted by the Industrial Development Board, micro, small and medium enterprises suffered serious setbacks. However, of the loans made available through the banking sector, a substantial segment had been disbursed among major players, the Minister said, while pointing out that in other countries in the region more than 50 percent of total loans were made available to micro, small and medium industries.
Unfortunately, here in Sri Lanka they received approximately 15 percent of the total given as loans, the minister said.
Minister Weerawansa said that though industries suffered, almost all state and private banks had recorded much improved performances with significant profits.
The Minister said that following his intervention with the cabinet of ministers, the government agreed on a plan of action to deal with the situation. It would be the responsibility of the Central Bank to implement the agreed proposals, he said.
So far no side effects among Pfizer vaccinated 15,000 A/L students
By Rathindra Kuruwita
Over 15,000 GCE AL students had been vaccinated with Pfizer and there had not been any side effects, Colombo District Director of Health Dr. Dilip Liyanage told the media yesterday.
He said that the Ministry of Education had given them a list of 20,688 that needed to be vaccinated.
“We would like to assure parents that there is no need to worry. Over 15,000 children have been vaccinated and there have been no problems so far. Trust the health professionals and vaccinate your child at the first opportunity you get,” he said.
Dr. Liyanage added that children who missed their chance to get vaccinated on weekdays, can get vaccinated at the MOH office near their home.
Govt. approves prohibition of cattle slaughter
The government has approved the prohibition of cattle slaughter. The decision was announced at the weekly Cabinet meeting at the Information Department yesterday (19). The government said the relevant laws and regulations, including those passed by Local Government authorities would be amended for that purpse.
The Legal Draftsman has drafted Bills to amend the following acts and ordinances.
• Authority 272 of the Cattle Slaughter Ordinance No. 9 of 1893
• Act No. 29 of 1958 Concerning Animals
• Municipal Councils Ordinance – Section 252
• Section 255 of the Municipal Councils Ordinance
• Ordinance No. 15 of the Urban Council Act of 1987
The Attorney General has certified that the said Bills do not clash with the provisions of the Constitution.
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