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Terror and double standards



Friday 20th August, 2021

UNP MP and former Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe is reported to have urged the government to take action to stave off possible threats to Sri Lanka in case of Afghanistan becoming a terror hub under the Taliban rule. Urging the government to prevent Sri Lankans from travelling to Afghanistan, he has said that if the Taliban responsible for the demolition of the Bamiyan Buddha statues is recognised, such action would help revive terrorism.

Afghanistan is the least of Sri Lanka’s problems, at present, and the situation is still fluid in that South Asian nation. It is too early to judge the current Taliban regime, but they are not likely to be different from the previous regime, which became an international pariah. However, the fact remains that the US, by having talks with the Taliban and entering into a peace deal with them, legitimised religious extremism and terrorism for all practical purposes.

As for Wickremesinghe’s advice that Sri Lankans should be prevented from travelling to Afghanistan ruled by the Taliban, he seems to have learnt from the blunders the UNP-led yahapalana government made from 2015 to 2019. That dispensation took no action against those who had been to Syria for military training. This is what the Presidential Commission of Inquiry, which probed the Easter Sunday carnage, has said in its final report (p. 351): “By 2016, the Government including President Sirisena and Prime Minister Wickremesinghe were aware that the Caliphate declared by the IS on 29th June 2014 included Sri Lanka …. They were also aware that around 32 Sri Lankan Muslims had travelled to Syria between 2014 and 2015 to join the IS …. In fact, former Army Commander Krishantha de Silva testified that Mr. Wickremesinghe did not accept intelligence presentations at the NSC [National Security Council] meetings about the rising Islamic extremism in the country and in particular in the East. Prime Minister Wickremesinghe had in fact gone to the extent of stating, ‘No, no that cannot happen.’”

The UNP’s policy on terrorism seems to have undergone a sea change. In dealing with the LTTE, it did the opposite of what it is urging the government to do now as regards the Taliban. Its peace deals with the LTTE enabled the latter to gain a lot of international legitimacy. The SLFP did likewise; in the early 1990s, the then President Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga offered to allow Prabhakaran to rule the entire North for 10 years without any elections as part of a ‘peace deal’. Thankfully, the Tiger leader rejected the offer out of hand. A previous UNP-led government (2001-2004) allowed the LTTE to establish a de facto state in the North and the East in the name of a ‘peace process’, but the UNP is now condemning terrorism in Afghanistan.

It looks as though the UNP had two policies on terrorism—one for the world and the other for Sri Lanka.

Andare’s dog

How the government, the Opposition, trade unions and traders are responding to the national health emergency reminds us of Andare’s dog. Andare, the famous court jester, had a dog, which did the opposite of what it was asked to do; if it was ordered to go, it would come, and vice versa.

The detection of a few Covid-19 cases prompted the government to close the country, early last year, amidst protests from the Opposition that the quarantine laws were being abused to postpone the general election, and there was no need for such drastic preventive measures. Today, the daily count of infections has exceeded 3,790 and the death toll has reached 186, and the health experts are calling for lockdowns, but the government is keeping the country open.

The Opposition and trade unions had been staging street protests for weeks until very recently, flouting the health regulations and ignoring doctors’ warnings that mass gatherings would boost the pandemic spread. The protesters insisted that their trade union actions would not accelerate the transmission of the virus. Attempts by the government to enforce quarantine laws to prevent their protests were condemned as a sinister attempt to suppress people’s democratic rights. The protesters’ disregard for the health guidelines must have made a huge contribution to the current situation. There has been a role reversal all of a sudden; the government is ignoring calls for preventive measures such as lockdowns and the Opposition and trade unions are all out to have the country closed.

During lockdowns, the police had a hard time, trying to close the shops that remained open in violation of the quarantine laws. Some traders were even arrested and prosecuted. But today the same traders are closing their shops of their own volition while the government is trying to keep them open.

As the government and the Opposition are known for doing exactly the opposite of what they are asked to do, perhaps the health experts desperate for a lockdown to curb the transmission of the virus should consider urging the government to keep the country open so that it will impose lockdowns.

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Vroom dream!



Wednesday 27th October, 2021

The government is behaving as if it had no problems to contend with. It is now talking about a proposal for the construction of a Formula One racing track, of all things, in Hambantota, of all places, while the country is struggling to replenish its oil supplies.

What has been proposed is a purpose-built circuit, according to media reports. The Cabinet will take up the proposed Formula One project for discussion soon, we are told. Don’t our ministerial worthies have any other important matters to concentrate on? The fertiliser crisis is far from resolved. Farmers are staging street protests and threatening to march on Colombo. Experts are warning of a drastic drop in the national agricultural output. Essential commodities are in short supply, and their prices have gone into the stratosphere. Public health experts have warned of another explosive spread of the pandemic in December and the possibility of another lockdown. The economy is in bad shape. But government politicians are living in cloud cuckoo land, dreaming of racing tracks!

The government should not be in a hurry to discuss the proposed F1 track, for there may not be any need for it. Unless funds are raised for oil imports urgently, or the petroleum prices are jacked up again, ordinary people will not be able to drive or ride, and the existing roads will be so deserted that it may be possible to hold car races on them.

It is said that the proposed F1 track will be a private sector project, which will bring in the much-needed forex, but we will have to wait for future Pandora Paper leaks to see who is really behind those who are said to be willing to invest in the racing track. There is the possibility of a fraction of the funds stolen from Sri Lankans returning to the country as investment. Private sector investors cannot be so naive as to invest in an F1 track in this country. They cannot be unaware how difficult it will be to have races held here, given the difficulties experienced by countries like Singapore, India, etc., with F1 tracks.

If the proposed F1 track is built by any chance, Hambantota will set a world record as the town boasting the highest number of white elephants. It already has an inland port with only a few ships. Hardly any summit has been held at the Hambantota International Conference Hall for years. The Sooriyawewa International Cricket Stadium is deserted, and its only attraction is said to be the bushmeat served in eateries in the neighbouring township. Then there is the Mattala International Airport, where deafening roars are heard more from wild jumbos roaming the area than from jumbo jet engines. Add an F1 track, and we will have a port without ships, an airport without planes and a racing track without cars! (Hambantota has an excellent road network which is almost deserted. Perhaps, the government may be able to use it as an F1 road/street circuit.)

Car racing is one of the main reasons for the collapse of the previous Rajapaksa government, which closed busy roads in Colombo and Kandy for races, and turned a blind eye to late-night drag races, which became a real nuisance to the residents of Colombo. The organisers of the racing events even disregarded protests by the Maha Nayake Theras. The rathagaaya (local slang for excessive desire for driving or racing) of the young members of the ruling family made that administration extremely unpopular.

Let the government be urged to concentrate on pandemic control to prevent lockdowns, take steps to eliminate corruption and make the country attractive as an investment destination by improving its ease-of-doing-business ranking. If the government leaders get their act together, foreign direct investment will flow in. This is what countries like Singapore have done to achieve progress. An F1 circuit has never helped develop a poor country.

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Of that ‘hug in the ring’



Tuesday 26th October, 2021

There is an uneasy truce between the government and the warring teacher-principal trade unions. What looks like a hug in the ring, however, is deceptive; the two parties to the current dispute are actually in a clinch, which they are likely to break from to resume throwing killer hooks at each other, given half a chance.

The government started reopening schools last Thursday, as previously announced, but most of the protesting teachers and principals did not report for work on that day. Instead, they resumed work yesterday. They obviously sought to teach the government a lesson by keeping school attendance extremely low on Thursday and Friday. Whether their action had any impact on the government is doubtful, but students lost two more days of schooling, as a result. Both sides to the conflict would have the public believe that they are trying to safeguard the interests of students, but they are obviously driven by self-interest.

One only hopes that schools will remain open, and the protesting trade unions and the government politicians, most of whom should be sent back to school, will work out a compromise formula. Losses that students and the country have already suffered due to prolonged school closures caused by the pandemic are unprecedented, inestimable, and irrecoverable, and, therefore everything possible must be done to ensure that schools will not be closed owing to a teachers’ strike.

Teachers and principals have warned that they will intensify their trade union action unless their demands are granted. The government has undertaken to solve their salary issues through Budget 2022, to be presented to Parliament next month. The rectification of teachers’ and principals’ salary anomalies is likely to make other categories of state employees resentful. The public sector salary structures are very complex; they are in fact a minefield. A decision is said to have been taken to make teaching a closed service, as a way out, but it is too early to say whether the proposed solution will be acceptable to others.

General Secretary of the Ceylon Teachers Union Joseph Stalin has said teachers will confine themselves to teaching, and will not take part in school cleaning campaigns and other such activities. Teachers and principals carry out various tasks besides teaching for the benefit of their students without expecting or receiving anything in return, and their voluntary work should be appreciated. But, sadly, teaching is exactly what a considerable number of teachers do not do properly. Complaints abound that many teachers and principals neglect their duties; almost all students are dependent on supplementary education to prepare themselves for competitive examinations. The proliferation of private tuition centres throughout the country is an indictment of government teachers. This is something the teachers’ unions which are all out to win their demands ought to take cognisance of. They should ensure that each member of theirs earns his or her keep without being a burden on the taxpaying public.

Meanwhile, the government is sure to print more money to meet the protesting teachers’ and principals’ demands, causing inflation to rise further. An increase in the public sector salary bill, or other state expenses, generally leads to tax hikes. This will be a double whammy for the general public already struggling to make ends meet. But the government will have to fulfil its pledge to teachers if schools are not to be closed again.

No reasonable person will grudge teachers—or any other category of workers, for that matter—better pay, but the latter will have to work harder and help straighten up the education sector which is in decline. The least that the protesting trade unions can do is to make teachers carry out their duties and functions properly to obviate their students’ dependence on shadow education to pass competitive examinations.

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When haste leads to trouble



Monday 25th October, 2021

Farmers’ protests against the prevailing fertiliser shortage are gathering momentum, but Agriculture Minister Mahindananda Aluthgamage insists that there are enough stocks of fertiliser in the country. He says the protests are politically motivated. It is doubtful whether anyone will buy into his claim. There would have been no such protests if fertiliser had been freely available. The possibility of agrochemical companies having a hand in protests cannot be ruled out, but what actually fuels the street demonstrations is the anger of farmers who have suffered crop losses due to the fertiliser shortage.

The incumbent administration implements its policies exactly the way the country’s war on terror had been fought prior to 2006; governments launched much-publicised offensives against the LTTE only to call them off owing to heavy losses the military suffered. The SLPP government has launched several blitzkriegs, as it were, to achieve some policy objectives, during the past several months, but without much success or, in some cases, with disastrous consequences.

The overuse of agrochemicals has been a ‘grave’ problem. What is given free of charge is often overused or wasted, and the previous Rajapaksa administration’s wisdom of giving a fertiliser subsidy stands questioned. Most farmers used to apply agrochemicals liberally even to loosen soil before harvesting manioc. The practice of spraying insecticides on vegetables ready to be harvested has been prevalent among most cultivators. President Gotabaya Rajapaksa has rightly pointed out that water in streams and wells adjacent to paddy fields cannot be used for drinking due to agrochemical runoff or leaching. The unregulated use of agrochemicals has also led to ecological disasters; it has killed insects and birds that prey on pests such as rats, and mosquito larvae. The owl and the dragonfly are among the worst affected species, according to environmentalists. Soil cannot recover due to the repeated application of overdoses of weedicides, pesticides and chemical fertilisers. These issues must be tackled, but systematically. It was a mistake for the government to ban all agrochemicals overnight. It should have taken steps to reduce the use of agrochemicals while introducing organic fertilisers and educating the farming community on the advantages of the proposed changeover. That way, it could have won over farmers because they want to keep production costs low and lead a healthy life. The fertiliser blitz, as it were, has backfired with farmers taking to the streets, and wily politicians cashing in on their frustration to gain political mileage.

Traders at the Manning market are complaining of a decrease in vegetable supplies, and they blame it on the agrochemical ban. If this claim is true, then it can be argued that the market situation presages serious problems for both the public and the government. Shortfalls in supplies will send vegetable prices through the roof, making it even more difficult for the people to make ends meet.

The country is in this mess because the government, in its wisdom, telescoped its organic fertiliser programme, which should have been phased over a couple of years. Even some Agriculture Ministry higher-ups have admitted that the sudden fertiliser ban was based on wrong advice, according to newspaper reports. Former President Maithripala Sirisena has gone on record as saying that he and the SLFP urged the powers that be to tread cautiously instead of banning agrochemicals overnight. Their advice went unheeded, he has claimed. Their SLPP counterparts are raking them over the coals for having said so. Sirisena and his party may be flayed for many things, but they have got it right on this score, and the government worthies had better stop bashing the SLFP and make a course correction.

One cannot but appreciate President Rajapaksa’s initiative to promote organic agriculture like his renewable energy programme. But it should be carried out gradually in a sustainable manner. If only the President and his advisors heeded the oxymoronic adage, festina lente— ‘make haste slowly’.

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