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Gnanasara and ‘One country, One law’



Unsurprisingly, the appointment of politician-monk, Ven. Galagodaaththe Gnanasara, as chairman of yet another Presidential Task Force (PTF), this one studying the implementation of the ‘One country, One law’ proposal, has raised hornets’ nests in many quarters; and wide ranging protests have been emerging from a variety of interests. Nobody from the government side has yet defended the monk’s appointment, possibly for the reason that they are the prerogative of the president and he presumably knows what he’s doing. Gnanasara sought his party’s single National List place in Parliament after the last election having been shut out of the poll by the rejection of the Apey Jana Balavegaya’s nomination list in Kurunegala. Eventually Ven. Athureliye Ratana, who has worn many political hats and was a UNP National List MP in the last Parliament, was granted the place; though not before much entertaining melodrama.

Gnanasara won visibility, if not notoriety, from the Bodu Bala Sena which he continues to lead for his belligerent ethno-nationalist credentials. These command support of one section of the polity and dismay of another comprising mostly of minorities. Political analyst Dayan Jayatilleka, in an essay we run today, has perhaps tongue in cheek suggested that former Chief Justice Sarath. N. Silva would have been a better choice to run the task force under discussion. He believes that Silva who was both Attorney General and Chief Justice would in addition to Sinhala nationalist credentials have legal attributes lacking in Gnanasara; that is apart from some brushes with the law hat the pries has had. Obviously the president would not have been unmindful of the flak last week’s appointment would inevitably draw. But he went ahead for reasons he would best know. This was very similar to the pardon he granted one time parliamentarian Duminda Silva, convicted of murder by a High Court with the death sentence imposed confirmed by a five-judge bench of the Supreme Court. The pardoned convict, as an MP, held a supervisory role over the defence ministry when GR was secretary.

Like Silva, Gnanasara too is a convict, jailed for a lesser offence of contempt of court. He won his pardon from former President Maithripala Sirisena after a short spell in prison. Sirisena had also earlier similarly pardoned the Royal Park murder convict, Jude Shramantha Anthony Jayamaha. We do not know how many presidential task forces have been appointed by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa since his 2019 election but there have been many. The most visible of these, of course, is that on Covid 19 PTF headed by Army Commander Shavendra Silva. There have been similar task forces appointed for a variety of subjects including attaining a green economy, and another to review and take forward objectives arising from the president’s much publicized Gama Samaga Pilisandara (Discussions with the village). There’s also a PTF on building a secure country. This comprises entire of military, police and intelligence officers and has drawn the ire of the International Commission of Jurists. Other than for the Covid Task Force, the people don’t know what the others are doing but Gnanasara’s is likely to be different.

Whether the monk, who has previously demonstrated an affinity for both controversy and visibility, will opt for a low profile role in his newest avatar remains to be seen. Duminda Silva who was made Chairman of the National Housing Development Authority weeks after his release from prison has not been in the news in his present capacity. Rajan Philips in his regular column on this page has speculated of the possibility that Gnanasara’s appointment being a counter to Malcolm Cardinal Ranjit, Archbishop of Colombo, who has been increasingly vociferous recently. His focus is what he regards as the glaring lack of accountability over the Easter Sunday massacre and the denial of justice to the victims. His outspoken comments have been well received by his flock much to the embarrassment of the ruling powers. It was widely perceived by analysts and observers that his Eminence favoured President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s election two years ago. But that scenario has totally changed since the Easter tragedy.

Dayan Jayatilleka has cuttingly drawn attention to what he calls one of Gnanasara’s “many accomplishments,” among them inviting and hosting the “even more notorious monk,” Venerable Ashin Wirathu of Myanmar. Whether Justice Minister Ali Sabry who has been working on the ‘One country, one law’ project for some time will resent the Gnanasara-led PTF looking over his shoulders remains to be seen but we wouldn’t place money on it. The appointment after all came from high up and no boat is likely to be rocked. Gnanasara’s PTF has been required to make a study of the implementation of the “One country, One law’ concept and prepare a draft Act for this purpose. It is also required to study available material at the Justice Ministry and report on them.

It has been noted that the 13-member PTF comprises of a majority of Sinhalese members and four Muslims but no Tamils. Presumably the majority of the Sinhalese are Buddhists and it has not been revealed whether any Christians are among them. Usually bodies such as this are secular and the non-inclusion of Tamils in the PTF has attracted comment. The subjects on the table will probably include the Thesavalamai law and the Muslim Marriages and Divorces Act. Although the Center for Policy Alternatives, well known for its criticism of acts of omission and commission by governments, has demanded rescinding of the gazette creating the PTF, nobody will expect anything more than a deafening silence.

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Stench of rotten fish



Saturday 27th November, 2021

Members of Parliament consider themselves a special class, and jealously guard their privileges. Living off the public, they want first dibs on everything. But most of them do not even care to behave properly inside Parliament, much less debate matters of national importance or carry out other legislative duties and functions in a civilised manner; their conduct is so appalling that teachers are wary of taking schoolchildren to the parliament gallery when the House is in session. In what could be considered the latest incident that has brought the national legislature into disrepute, an SLPP MP—Tissa Kuttiarachchi— has insulted women including SJB MP Rohini Wijeratne, in a recent speech in Parliament. The Opposition has been calling for action against him. He however is not the only one who has affronted women in this shameful manner; there are many others of his ilk.

President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa, former President Maithripala Sirisena, and other leaders of the ruling SLPP must be ashamed of accommodating a bunch of misogynists in their coalition government. Similarly, let the holier-than-thou male MPs of the Opposition be reminded of something MP Rohini Wijeratne told this newspaper in response to a query we made, a few months ago, about the verbal sexual harassment of female lawmakers; she said some sickos in the garb of MPs on both sides of the House insulted women. So, if the male Opposition MPs think they can dupe the public into believing they are true sisters under the skin by wearing ‘orange armbands’ and shouting slogans in support of women, in the House, they are mistaken.

It is not only in Parliament that female representatives undergo sexual harassment and other forms of abuse. We have pointed out, several times, quoting female members of local government institutions that their male counterparts do not allow them to speak during council sessions; jeers, catcalls and even sexist remarks greet them whenever they stand up to speak, they complain. The Women Parliamentarians’ Caucus (WPC) should have taken up cudgels for the rights of women in Provincial Councils and local government institutions as well.

It is women’s tears and sweat that fuel the national economy. Women slave away on estates, in garment factories and in West Asia to earn dollars for the country, but they are not even properly represented in Parliament or other political institutions although they account for more than one half of the country’s population. There must be at least 113 female MPs in the current Parliament, but sadly there are only 12 women in the House.

If the male MPs really feel for the Sri Lankan women, they must stop stealing and wasting public funds and make adequate budgetary allocations for women’s welfare, and bring in tough laws to safeguard the rights of female citizens who face harassment almost everywhere, especially at workplaces and in trains and buses. There has been an increase in incidents of domestic violence against women and girls during recent years. If women are not free from harassment in Parliament, how helpless they are elsewhere goes without saying. A fish, as we keep saying in this space, rots from the head down.

Leading the women’s right campaign from the front in Parliament is former Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe. He has recently lashed out at the government MPs who insult their female counterparts, and demanded that State Minister Dr. Sudharshani Fernandopulle, who chairs the WPC, be vested with powers to deal with woman-haters who make a nuisance of themselves in the House. One could not agree with him more on this score, but will he explain why he once had as his trusted lieutenant a convicted rapist—Gonawala Sunil—who was given a presidential pardon by the late President J. R. Jayewardene and made a Justice of the Peace? President Mahinda Rajapaksa pardoned a female murder convict serving the death sentence for killing a woman in the most barbaric manner. President Maithripala Sirisena gave a presidential pardon to a man sentenced to death for killing a girl in 2005. The TNA politicians had no qualms about supporting Prabhakaran and recognising him as the sole representative of the Tamils while he was abducting girls in the North and the East and turning them into cannon fodder and human bombs. Some of these politicians commemorate the dead LTTE leaders. So, the question is how wise it is to expect present-day male politicians to help protect the rights of women and girls.

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Zahran’s cousins?



Friday 26th November, 2021

One may wonder whether those who run gas companies are the cousins of Zahran, the savage, who organised the Easter Sunday explosions if what has been reported of their products is anything to go by. Zahran and his fellow terrorists blasted three churches and three hotels, killing more than 270 others, in 2019. His fat-cat cousins in the gas business, as it were, are certainly not terrorists on a suicidal mission, but they are likely to cause an explosion in every house and every hotel, where their products are used, we are told. Several explosions caused by cooking gas have been reported from different parts of the country during the past few weeks. The situation is bound to take a turn for the worse unless remedial action is taken urgently, former Executive Director of the Consumer Affairs Authority (CAA) Thushan Gunawardena has warned.

Gunawardena, a whistle-blower in distress, has gone on record as saying that the butane-propane ratio in the gas sold here has been arbitrarily changed, and the current mix is not suitable for a tropical climate. It has been reported that he consulted international specialists in the field and wrote a letter, based on their advice, to Trade Minister Bandula Gunawardena, a few moons ago, calling for action, but in vain.

Litro Gas Lanka Ltd., has rejected Gunawardena’s allegation, claiming that there has been no change in the butane-propane ratio in the gas it sells. Its production process conforms to internationally accepted standards, it has said.

The public must be really confused. The former CAA Executive Director tells them domestic gas cylinders are potential bombs, and the gas company officials insist that there is no such danger. Will Litro reveal the percentages of butane and propane in its cylinders at present, and what they were a few years ago?

Zahran and his fellow terrorists were able to carry out the Easter Sunday bomb attacks because the then government did not heed the warnings of impending explosions. A foreign intelligence outfit provided all necessary information about Zahran and even his targets in advance, but nobody gave a tinker’s cuss about it. A warning has been given that there is the danger of more gas cylinder explosions, and it too has gone unheeded.

Going by Gunawardena’s letter to the Trade Minister, perhaps Prabhakaran and Zahran would not have taken the trouble of training their suicide cadres and planning bomb attacks on civilian targets if they had been aware that the butane-propane ratio in cooking gas would be changed; they would have left the task of blasting civilian targets to gas companies.

The present-day leaders never miss an opportunity to glory in having ended the country’s war on terror, during which the parents of a family did not travel together lest their children should be orphaned in case of a bomb blast killing both of them. But, today, mothers must be scared of stepping into their kitchens because of the gas cylinders.

Seeking the views of gas company officials about the safety of their products is like asking for the help of a female clairvoyant to catch a thief who happens to be her own son, as a local saying goes. Let the government be urged to order a thorough probe into former CAA Executive Director Gunawardena’s dire warning and take immediate action to ensure the safety of gas consumers if the gas companies have effected any changes to the composition of cooking gas.

It will be a mistake for the government to have the whistle-blower harassed again instead of acting on his warning. We are not short of independent, civic-minded experts, and it is hoped that they will care to analyze the cooking gas available here and tell the public whether it is safe.

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Winners and losers



Thursday 25th November, 2021

The private sector has been allowed to import agrochemicals with effect from yesterday. Sri Lankan farmers, who are celebrating the success of their protest campaign, should be thankful to their Indian counterparts who brought the mighty Modi government to its knees after a year-long struggle. The Indian farmers’ victory gave a scare to the Sri Lankan government, and boosted the morale of the farming community, here, protesting against the current fertiliser shortage.

The government has been left with egg on its face, once again. There seems to be no end to its humiliating policy reversals. It is doubtful whether anyone takes gazette notifications announcing government decisions seriously. But the government has been able to save a lot of foreign exchange owing to its agrochemical ban; now, farmers will have to pay for synthetic fertiliser.

Faced with a huge foreign exchange crisis, the government could not pay for fertiliser imports, but at the same time, it could not scrap the fertiliser subsidy for fear of the political fallout of such a course of action. It imposed a blanket ban on agrochemicals, and farmers found themselves in such a desperate situation that they said they were even willing to pay for chemical fertilisers and demanded that the ban on agrochemicals be lifted. The government has lifted the ban and farmers will have to buy fertilisers. They will not have the fertilisers of their choice under the government subsidy scheme; they will get only organic fertiliser by way of state assistance. This must be a huge relief for the government in the dollar saving mode.

Meanwhile, the main reason given by the government for banning agrochemicals was that they were harmful to humans and the environment. It said it had acted out of its concern for people’s health and the environment. Having said so and striven to go ahead with its organic fertiliser drive, come hell or high water, how would the government justify its decision to allow ‘harmful’ agrochemicals to be imported again?

Sirisena vs Aluthgamage

Former President Maithripala Sirisena, MP, has raked Agriculture Minister Mahindananda Aluthgamage over the coals for the mess in the agriculture sector. He says the minister must be held accountable for the fertiliser fiasco, which, he says, has taken a heavy toll on agriculture. There is no love lost between them, and they have been taking swipes at each other for the past several weeks. Protesting farmers also burnt many effigies of Aluthgamage. Attacks on the Agriculture Minister may warm the cockles of many a heart, but how fair is it to single him out for criticism?

The organic fertiliser project is President Gotabaya Rajapaksa’s brainchild, and Aluthgamage was only implementing it. True, he cannot absolve himself of the responsibility for the mess as the Agriculture Minister, but why don’t the critics of the failed fertiliser experiment criticise the President? The President himself has said on numerous occasions that the organic fertiliser drive is one of his promises to the people and is in keeping with his election manifesto.

Is it that Sirisena and others lack the courage to blame the President, and therefore have turned on a soft target?

Now that Sirisena is out for his scalp, Aluthgamage can call for the full implementation of the recommendations of the Presidential Commission of Inquiry (PCoI), which probed the Easter Sunday carnage (2019). The PCoI has recommended criminal proceedings against Sirisena for his serious lapses as the President and Defence Minister at the time. Several others named in the PCoI report have been indicted, and among them are ex-IGP Pujith Jayasundera and ex-Defence Secretary Hemasiri Fernando.

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