Expert: Lockdowns not effective unless coupled with aggressive testing
By Rathindra Kuruwita
It was difficult to say whether the lockdown had helped reduce the transmission of coronavirus because of the drop in testing and changes in how deaths are reported, Executive Director of the Institute for Health Policy (IHP), Dr Ravi Rannan-Eliya told The Island yesterday.
Those developments had made it very difficult to assess the trend in infections, he said, adding that it was quite possible transmission had increased.
“One sign of this is the steady rise in the fatality rate. It is clear that the lockdown failed to curb the spread of the virus or to put us on a path to ending this outbreak. Further, I am quite sure that the lockdown and other measures adopted so far will not be sufficient to stop the spread of the Delta variant which we will most likely face in the next few months.”
Dr. Rannan-Eliya said that it was not surprising as global scientific evidence showed lockdowns had to be coupled with aggressive testing and isolation. Since Sri Lanka also reduced testing during the lockdown period, it was not surprising from a scientific point of view that the lockdown was not very effective, he said.
“Further, the lockdown was not properly planned; there are in fact much better ways making lockdowns more effective in stopping the viral transmission without causing so much of suffering to the public.”
The IHP Executive Director said that unless the government and health experts took testing seriously, Sri Lanka would not succeed in controlling the pandemic.
Training is territorial policing in Kandy and learning from early bona fide mistake
Excerpted from the memoirs of Rtd. Senior DIG Kingsley Wickramasuriya
G.A.D.E.A. Seneviratne (known to many as Ana) was the Superintendent in charge of the Kandy Police Division. When I reported to him his first task, after a pep talk as to how I should get about my work, was to find me suitable lodgings. ASP Leo Perera who I replaced was boarded close to the Police Station. That seemed to be a suitable place and he suggested that I try it. Soon I moved there and started my work, although I changed the lodging later.
Ana was a straight officer and a disciplinarian, a tough customer to deal with. He expected hard work from us young officers and saw to it that we carried out our duties according to the book – The Departmental Orders (DO). He would scrutinize our Weekly Diaries and pull us up on the diary itself if we slacked and failed to carry out our duties according to instructions in the DO. His remarks would draw the attention of our Range Deputy Inspector-General who in turn would give a few hard knocks. So, we had to be careful not to earn his wrath. He was hard to please.
He had a program drawn up for our training. Accordingly, I was attached to the Kandy HQ station for a couple of weeks. During this period, I had to do my Night Rounds at the Kandy HQ station going around to various points where men were deployed on duty and checking those points. One night when I visited the Supreme Court judge’s bungalow to check the sentry on duty around -11.00 pm, he was found fast asleep with his weapon unattended.
I removed the weapon and took it to my lodgings intending to return it to the police station the next morning and take the Sentry to task later. The next day early morning, HQ Inspector Kadigawa called over at my lodgings and informed me of the furor and the excitement that the missing weapon had caused and inquired whether I knew anything about the missing rifle. When I told him, what happened and produced the rifle, there was a sigh of relief. The Supreme Court Judge had complained angrily to the Superintendent about his security being compromised when he had learned about the missing rifle.
The Sentry Constable had cooked up a story to cover up his negligence and made entries in his Pocket Note Book. There was a lot of excitement at the Police Station as well over the incident. The Superintendent had ordered an immediate inquiry and asked the HQI to report what had happened. The HQI was aware from the entries I had made in the Officers’ Visiting Book (OVB) that I had been around on Night Rounds. So that is why he decided to check with me. They were almost on the verge of reporting the missing weapon to Police HQ when the HQI came to me.
I of course did it with the good intention of instilling discipline and that the sentries are kept alert, but realized the gravity of what I had done only later after the incident. I learned my lesson. So, did the Sentry Constable. He escaped with only a red entry in his recruit file.
Later the SP carved out a small district for me with two ‘C’ Grade police stations – Talatuoya and Hanguranketa. I gradually learned the routine of visits to and inspections of police stations while managing this district. At the beginning of each month, an inspection program was sent to the OIC of the Police Station giving notice of formal regular monthly inspections while I made surprise visits during the day as well as at night. That kept the police stations alert as they had no previous notice of my visits or night rounds. I attended the weekly parade at the Kandy HQ Station with the Superintendent taking the salute on horseback.
As part of the training, I had to accompany the SP on one of his half-yearly Inspections at Hasalaka Police Station. He proposed that we do a hike through the jungle from Hanguranketha to Hasalaka. He was fond of hiking and familiar with the route. Sc we went to Hanguranketha in his car and from there we proceeded, on foot through the jungle. We reached Hasalaka by the evening and lodged at the Rest House for the night. The next day we were at th police station by 6.30 am for the Inspection, starting with the parade.
I observed the entire procedure followed by him which I was to adopt at my inspections later for many years to come. At these inspection: he would keep the OIC on pins going into every detail in the book and satisfying himself that everything was in order. The OIC heaved a sigh o relief only at the end of the Inspection when the inspecting officer would make his remarks that the “Station is in Order”.
The style of inspection, the SP would later explain, came down long line of inspecting officers who had established a reputation for conducting tough inspection procedures. There were several schools of Inspection methodology that came to be named after those officer for instance, the Leembruggen School, L.I. De Silva School, and Sydney de Zoysa School. These were the legacies left behind by those officers who had picked it up from the British. There were many interesting legends built up around those inspection methods and their authors which I was to learn later.
Hanguranketha was an area where coconut toddy tapping was aplenty. There were toddy-collecting centers and toddy tope ( from where the main toddy tope in Ragala was fed. These were supposed to be under the supervision of the Excise Department/my inspections /visits to Hankuranketha Police Station, One thing noticed was the high incidence of crimes of violence caused by liquor. From the petitions I received much of this was attributed to the sale of illicit liquor. It was also obvious that coconut toddy was available from small retail points selling toddy illicitly.
Having studied the problem, I got the police station to concentrate on these illicit centers at first but soon found the effort futile as long as the retailers got their supp from the Toddy Tope at Hanguranketha. So, the problem persisted. Finally, I decided that the solution to the problem lay with the Toddy Tope at Hanguranketha and organized a raid through the Vice Branch of the Kandy Police.
The raiding party consisted of Sergeant 4464 Sakalasuriya in charge of the Vice Branch and several constables attached to the branch. On the appointed day the raiding party proceeded to the Toddy Tope in a hired van. I accompanied the party in my private car driven by the police driver assigned to me. On arrival, we divided ourselves into two groups. One party conducted the raid at the Toddy Tope and the other proceeded to the main premises of the Tope owner where some transactions were being conducted.
The owner was a person of Indian origin living on a temporary residence permit. With the wealth he had collected through the toddy business this TRP holder was a very influential person in the area. I confronted him personally and informed him of the raid that we were conducting at both places and went on to question those who had gathered there to buy toddy illicitly. For the Toddy Tope owner, this was a very embarrassing situation whereas he had been carrying on business unhindered and enjoyed a prominent social status.
After the raid, we collected all the productions and arrested those who were culpable under the provisions of the Excise Ordinance gathered at the Tope and were ready to leave when an Inspector of the Excise Department appeared and raised objections stating that he had come to measure the toddy that was to be sent to the Toddy Collection Center at Ragala.
When I informed him that was not possible as we have already conducted a raid for the illicit sale of liquor, he appeared to be angry and questioned my competency about what I was doing.
I returned with the party after the raid to Kandy Police and got about my business trusting that the Senior Sergeant from the Kandy Vice Branch would attend to the nitty-gritty of note writing and reporting to courts. Sometime in the afternoon when ASP Navaratnam of Kandy District (1) and HQI Kadigawa came to my lodgings raising the alarm that no notes have been written by the raiding party and as such no proper legal action could be taken against the culprits. That was when I started getting the jitters. The ASP and the HQI had been instructed by the Superintendent to go into the matter and take remedial action.
After going into the pros and cons of the case it was decided on the advice of ASP Navaratnam to present all the productions taken to custody during the raid including some cash collection on an ‘A Report’, and not to enter any prosecution against the Toddy Tope. This advice was to later save me and the raiding party from being questioned in the Kandy Magistrate’s Courts about the propriety of our actions.
With the matter at that stage, the next day the Toddy Tope owner came to the SP’s office to make a complaint against me. The SP who by then was aware of what had taken place and my bona fides asked the complainant to produce his TRP before entertaining the complaint. That was the end of that. But what was still worse was that he filed a case against me and the raiding party in Magistrate’s Court, Kandy alleging some serious criminal charges arising out of the raid.
He had retained an eminent criminal lawyer from Colombo for the case. Once again, my brother came to my aid and retained an equally eminent lawyer, Eardley Perera, from Colombo. But I had to do the preparation of the brief for the counsel and meet the legal expenses. The case went to trial and at the end of the prosecution, my counsel called me to the witness box for the defense. I faced the cross-examination confidently convincing Magistrate Udalagama of the bona fides of our action. He finally acquitted us of all charges and dismissed the case specially remarking at the end of the case that ‘he had no doubt whatsoever about the bona fides of the action of the young ASP.
The Tope owner was bent on revenge because he had lost face over this raid and his ego was hurt. The allegations were serious and an exaggeration of what took place. I realized that by trying to do my duty I had placed not only myself but several others in a very awkward position. I had not only to defend myself but others who too were doing their duty. I also learned that complaints entertained must be bona fide and investigations completed as soon as possible. This experience in my early professional life taught me how to protect myself and others, against acting on impulse and attendant pitfalls.
All these events and the routine were reported in the Weekly Diaries. They were forwarded to the Deputy Inspector-General of Police of the Range with the Superintendents remarks and came back with praise where praise was due to encouragement/guidance or with knocks at the blunders or shortcomings. The Weekly Diary was a good management tool — by remote control -one of the best practices the Britisher had invented.
On 1st February 1965, I suddenly got transfer orders to the Gampaha Division. I paid my courtesies to SP Kandy and departed with his blessings. He was very appreciative of the work I did during my tour of duty and predicted that I would do well in the Service.
International Conference for School Leaders 2023 to be held in June
The International Conference for School Leaders, a flagship event by The International Schools of Sri Lanka (TISSL), is returning after a hiatus of three-years, and will be held on 16-17 June in Galle. Through its theme of “Re-emerging through resilience and reinvention”, the conference hopes to capture the important role that can be played by educators in rebuilding economies and restoring confidence in civil society and social systems.
The conference aims to also provide an ideal platform for school leaders to build capacity in shaping the post-pandemic “new normal”. The TISSL conference is set to feature international speakers with extensive cross-cultural exposure who will share global best practices in school education.
There will also be a panel discussion which will provide an opportunity for thought leaders to exchange their views on the conference theme. TISSL expects participation of 250 persons, and addressed the media recently to paint a better picture of what the event will look like.
The organisers TISSL, made up of 23 international schools in the country, was established with the multiple objectives of promoting global best practices in education, increasing collaboration between international schools and strengthening goodwill among school communities.
Sharing more information on the role played by TISSL as well as the theme of this year’s conference, TISSL Chairman Harshana Perera went into detail about the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on education and the adoption of remote learning around the globe.
Heat index at caution level in Northern, North-Central, North-western and Eastern provinces and Monaragala and Hambanthota districts.
Heat index Advisory Issued by the Natural Hazards Early Warning Centre at 06.30 a.m. 27 May 2023, valid for 27 May 2023
Heat index, the temperature felt on human body is expected to increase up to ‘Caution’ level at some places in Northern, North-Central, North-western and Eastern provinces and Monaragala and Hambanthota districts.
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