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Rage

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by Vijaya Chandrasoma

Bob Woodward’s latest book, “RAGE”, to be released soon, is written from tapes of several interviews he conducted with Trump, from February to July. He reveals that Trump was fully aware of the severity of the impending virus in February, but chose to downplay it for political reasons. Trump explains that his lack of action at the onset of the Coronavirus was to inspire strength and leadership; he considered his role to be that of a cheerleader, he did not want to cause panic among the American people, and he could will the country to defeat the virus, without a thought for the loss of lives. And this from a president who feeds on fear and panic, fears of rioting and lawlessness, fears of a brown invasion of rapists and murderers, even ridiculous fears of windmills causing cancer.

Although Trump has been repeatedly saying that the virus is transmitted by touch and did not affect minors, he admitted, in February, that he knew the virus was airborne and that it did affect children. He continues to encourage people to ignore wearing masks and maintaining social distancing, contrary to the advice of the scientific community. He has even said that wearing masks and social distancing was a “violation of American freedoms”. Still, he insists on opening schools, in the full knowledge that children will contract the virus and spread it to their elders. And, being fully aware of the dangers of an airborne virus, he still scoffs at those who wear face masks, and continues, as he did last Thursday in Michigan, to hold “super-spreader” rallies of 2000+ people, maskless and packed close together, thus putting the lives of his own supporters at risk.

It is saddening that Woodward did not make the public aware of Trump’s tactics in February, which may have avoided chaos; in reality, the book comes hundreds of thousands of deaths too late. That he may have delayed the release of his book until two months before the election to increase sales is cynical, close to the truth and unbecoming of an iconic journalist.

In many of his recent speeches, Trump pretends that the virus has caused little damage, and will be defeated soon with a new vaccine, which he says will be available by November. An opinion decried by the scientific community.

All he is concerned about is to revive the economy, his main chance to win re-election. In an economy with 10% unemployment, and millions of Americans facing homelessness and hunger, Trump touts that the stock market is booming. Which only means that the richest people in the country are getting richer.

We all remember the words of Winston Churchill addressing Parliament and the British people about the German menace:

“Sir, I have, myself, full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected, and if the best arrangements are made, as they are being made, we shall prove ourselves once more able to defend our island home, to ride out the storm of war, and to outlive the menace of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone. That is the resolve of His Majesty’s Government…. Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous states have fallen and may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious apparatus of Nazi rule, we shall not flag or fail. We shall go on to the end. We shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be. We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills, we shall never surrender”.

It is said that after this speech, Churchill said to a colleague, “And we’ll fight them with butt ends of broken beer bottles because that’s bloody well all we’ve got.”

I am no fan of Winston Churchill and his racist ideas of Anglo-Saxon Supremacy, but these are the words of a true leader, the words a leader uses to inspire confidence and courage when a nation faces a dangerous enemy.

Donald Trump said in his rally speech at Michigan on Thursday that he handled Covid19 with the calmness shown by Winston Churchill when Britain faced the Nazi menace during World War II. These comments led me to fantasize about how Trump would have faced the German menace, had he been the leader of Britain during WWII. Perhaps Trump would have inspired the British with these words:

“I knew nothing about this, I take no responsibility at all. The French were at fault, they should have seen this coming and warned us. In any event, the Germans are a friendly people, they will stay for only a little while, maybe even help us and then leave, as if by a miracle. They may take large tracts of our land and even occupy a few old and famous states. But they will disappear, they will never be able to endure the vagaries of an English summer. Let us surrender. We can’t possibly win because our generals are idiots who want to keep fighting and spending money which we could use for improvements to our golf courses, and our soldiers are losers, suckers. What do you have to lose? We only have to live with the Nazis a few months more, probably till November. Until then, we don’t have to do anything all.

“I know Hitler well. In fact, some people think that we are in love. He has nothing against us. We should give up our tanks, surrender our bombers and just lie down and enjoy their presence. They will be gentle, the Germans are a gentle, warm people. And even if they decide to stay after November, they will make our island more prosperous than it has ever been. We may lose a few hundreds of thousands of lives while Hitler makes a few changes and builds a few ovens, but these victims will be mainly black and brown animals and fat women, so who cares? It would all be for the greater good, in the name of ethnic white, male supremacy. Of course, all this has been the fault of the terrible administration of that Kenyan Jew, Benjamin Hussein Disraeli, who left us with nothing”.

In one of the interviews, Woodward asked Trump about the current protests and the Black Lives Matter movement. Woodward and Trump are in their 70s, both of the same generation of white privilege. Trump treated these protests about systemic racism against the black and other minority communities flippantly, asserting that racism was a thing of the past in America. He also spoke dismissively of Barack Hussein Obama, always emphasizing his middle name to illustrate his contempt for foreigners from “shithole countries”; he said that Kamala Harris’ bid for the vice presidency is an insult to America; and, in the middle of often violent protests, raging forest fires and ever more frequent hurricanes, Trump shouts that he alone would be able to bring law and order to the country when he is re-elected. In short, he alone would be able to fix the crises that he alone has created. And his supporters cling to his every word, against all the evidence.

Amazingly, with under two months for the election, the presidential race remains a close one, with Biden enjoying a small lead. Trump, with help from his Russian masters, will have a few aces up his sleeve, and may even provide an “October Surprise” to upset Biden. And he will manufacture such a surprise in the full confidence that Biden will not have any answers.

No answers, because Trump has proved that he is immune to new and increasingly damaging news of incompetence, corruption, ignorance, even treason. He has survived the most vile facts thrown at him, from the Access Hollywood tapes of the “grab them by the p…y” fame, his treason at Helsinki, his attempted extortion of the Ukrainian president, to his colossal incompetence in the mismanagement of the Coronavirus which has already cost 190,000 lives. As he himself famously said, he could shoot someone in broad daylight on Fifth Avenue and lose no supporters.

There are two theories about this immunity. One, his supporters, mainly uneducated white men, see these slings and arrows go straight through Trump’s body and hit the objects of their hatred, the blacks, the Hispanics and the educated elite. Two, Trump’s body is already covered with so much mud that any more mud just slides off, leaving no impression at all.

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Disturbing Sinharaja’s natural  balance: a layperson’s viewpoint

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by Gnana Moonesinghe

This is written as a tribute to my friend Dr Upen de Zylva who passed away a few days ago and who throughout his life had an abiding interest in nature – in all things related to flora and fauna. He was greatly disturbed by the human invasion into the natural habitat of heritage sites such as the Sinharaja forest reserve.

There have lately been several references to elephant attacks and those of other wild animals such as packs of wild fox on villagers as well as the unpredictable climate changes   making life difficult in the rural countryside. In long gone times, though within the recall of older people,  nature played out her course unhampered by human interference.  

The recent revival of interest  in  eco balance  in  Sri Lanka arose as a consequence of the government’s move to construct a  road through the Sinharaja  Forest Reserve. Back in 2013 the then Government began to construct a road inside the protected area. This was short lived consequent to legal action by the Centre for Environmental and Nature Protection.  However, in August 2020 the project was recommenced by the newly installed government and the construction assigned to the military.   Environmentalists and lay people  are greatly disturbed by this project which entails the movement of heavy machinery and the felling of trees within the Reserve for construction of the road which would both disturb the environment.  

The unique position of the Sinharaja is that UNESCO  has declared it to be the ‘last viable primary rain forest’ here while it is also referred to as the ‘icon of biodiversity conservation’ in Sri Lanka. The Sinharaja forest is located in the south west in the district of Sabaragamuwa and the Southern Province. Around 60% of the trees found here are endemic and many of them are considered rare. Many species of wildlife is endemic to this place. It gains its unique position among forest reserves as it is home to over half of Sri Lanka’s endemic species of mammals and butterflies and many kinds of insects, reptiles and amphibians. Many endangered and rare species are found here including leopard, Indian elephant, endemic purple faced langur, wood pigeon, green billed coucal, SL white headed starling, SL blue magpie, ash headed baller and SL’s broad  billed roller.

It is essential that encroachment of the forest for cultivation like tea plantations, settlements and disturbance to the environment due to road construction should not be permitted because it will affect its unique situation as a forest reserve. Does not this Reserve require protection from the authorities  in order to secure its bio diversity?

At present, the consternation is over the road  construction from Lankagama to Neluwa, expected to be completed in 90 days without ‘harming the environment.’ Is this a realistic expectation? Experts claim that there is no way that this road can be constructed  without disturbing much of the environment in the reserve. That it is necessary to preserve the biodiversity in the reserve for healthy development and for dealing with climate change is a given and beyond question.  The government should consider alternatives  to help those living on the fringe of the reserve without affecting its balance which benefits the entire region as well as the rest of the world. Is it possible or feasible to seek alternatives to support the villages already in the Reserve?

These issues are raised not on a confrontational note but to elicit information on what is considered a matter of great concern to the mass of people living in this country (and planet) for reasons I hope have been convincingly presented above. May the Right to Information Act be invoked to the maximum to elicit information on this invasive action that is popularly considered  a disturbance to the peace of the Reserve.  

We expect no less than a frank response from this popularly elected government which will clear the air between the UNESCO authorities and the Lankan government as well as respond to the numerous  rumors that are circulating at the moment.  An urgent response from the Presidential Secretariat is in order.

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National Skills Passport spurs long term skills planning

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– A gateway to find suitable jobs, the newly launched National Skills Passport facilitates easier matching of skills for future employment while promoting Sri Lanka as a skills destination.

By Randima Attygalle

A project between the Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission (TVEC) and the Employers’ Federation of Ceylon (EFC) supported by the International Labour Organization (ILO) Colombo Office, the ‘National Skills Passport’ (NSP) was launched recently. It is a new and a progressive concept introduced locally by means of a smart card (similar to a passport) issued to a skilled person having NVQ (The National Vocational Qualifications) along with at least one year of confirmed related employment experience.

The card is connected to a dedicated online portal (www.nsp.gov.lk ) which links up multiple stakeholders including employees, employers, qualification body and labour market intermediaries by collating the passport holder’s skills, expertise and experience. The NSP is expected to serve a long standing issue of recognition of skilled workmanship with certified experience through a central web-based online database.  The NSP smart card carries a QR code for convenient search online.

Essentially a ‘gateway’ to find suitable jobs, accessing reskilling and upskilling opportunities locally and internationally, NSP is an extension of the NVQ qualification awarded by NAITA, (National Apprentice and Industrial Training Authority) says the Director General (Actg.), TVEC, Ministry of Skills Development, Employment and Labour Relations, Janaka Jayalath.

“Those who are already holding NVQ, returning migrants and those who have been serving various industries with no formal paper qualifications can reap benefits of the NSP. Those seeking what is known as the ‘mature candidate route’ (people with ten or more years of work/industry experience without formal qualification) can also access NSP,” explains Jayalath.

While candidates who are already equipped with NVQ, irrespective of the level of NVQ can directly apply for NSP, other categories are required to first obtain NVQ through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) pathway.

“A candidate can apply to obtain relevant NVQ from a basket of around 500 National Competency Standards (NCS) packages listed in the TVEC website (www.tvec.gov.lk) and we are currently working towards introducing NCS for traditional Sri Lankan industries which do not fall within this basket as means of giving more muscle to the rural economy by recognizing the traditional Sri Lankan skills,” he notes.

A ‘virtual document’ which records the knowledge, skills and attitudes of a worker through the TVEC’s online portal (www.nsp.gov.lk) , the system enables the job seekers to create a comprehensive portfolio of skills and qualifications, along with their references and experience, ensuring compatibility with various skills assessment frameworks. It also serves the purpose of creating an online standard CV which is a more detailed synopsis than a normal resume giving clear, concise and up-to-date information with current employment and educational information.  The CV system in the NSP is benchmarked with the ‘Euro Pass’, an online CV tool for EU countries. The local initiative of the NSP is a trendsetter in the region which we can take pride in.

Recognizing the informally acquired knowledge, skills and competencies, the NSP also becomes a catalyst in helping the retuning migrants to reintegrate themselves to the local work force. The returning migrants, as Jayalath explains, can seek recognition of their prior learning and obtain NVQ through NAITA which is the prerequisite for NSP.

“The NSP is a vehicle to serve the needs of migrant returnee jobseekers such as construction workers, auto-mechanics, beauticians, cooks etc. This initiative will also help attract migrant returnee workers to industries such as construction, which are currently facing a high demand, with inadequate local workers to bridge the gap.”

Other categories of migrant workers such as automobile mechanics who wish to start their own small/micro enterprises can also benefit by NSP as valid proof of their competencies and thereby help obtain bank loans and build credibility among the customers. Self-employed persons in different skill related occupations can prove their qualifications and experience by producing this smart card and employers or the service recipients could verify those competencies through this system.

The NSP also spares the employers of the hassle of searching for a talent pool with certified skills and authenticated experience which in turn saves the time and cost spent on recruitment. Moreover, it unlocks access to workers with international exposure as well. “Employers could eventually identify the up-skilling and re-skilling requirements of an employee which will help career progression and also labour mobility,” says Jayalath who notes that TVEC takes the full responsibility for the candidates registered with them via the NSP.

The initiative also supports the Government’s long-term skills planning for the economy and facilitates easier matching of skills base for future employment creation.  The system also supports to track the employability of the NVQ holders with up-to-date database.   In a move to create awareness at community level on the new initiative, TVEC has galvanized its network of Skills Development Assistants, regional industrial forums and District Coordinating Committees (DCC) at District Secretariats.

The ‘skills passport’ which is a concept proposed by the Employers’ Federation of Ceylon (EFC), is an important means to empower all Lankans irrespective of whether they work locally or overseas says the EFC’s Director General, Kanishka Weerasinghe. “The EFC will firmly support state policies implemented through the Ministries of Education and Skills Development and the relevant institutions that function thereunder in order to establish and sustain the National Skills Database. This will finally enable us to promote our country as a skills destination, doing justice to our people and their status as being highly literate and educated. In fact, the ultimate common objective is to ensure that every citizen entering the workforce, at least by 2035, to be certified in their skills and be registered in the database.”

Aside from establishing a reliable means of understanding and addressing the relentless issues relating to dearth of skills, the country could focus on aligning the domestic education policies to create more opportunities in ‘growth industries’ to spur the economy including those which are nationally important such as agriculture, Weerasinghe further says. “It is hoped that certification of skills including the recognition of prior learning will be a boon to workers of all ages, particularly to young job seekers. Similarly, we hope that the ‘mutual recognition’ aspect of the ‘skills passport’ will also enable our people to be recognized in their skills when they seek overseas employment and ensure that they are placed to obtain better status and terms by their overseas employers.”

The EFC’s DG goes on to note that as responsible employers they are mindful of the schemes that link skills to wages, which will also lead to sustainable outcomes for employers such as availability of skilled employees locally and be a solution to issues such as those associated with low productivity. Moreover, standardization of education in terms of NVQ will be a win-win to those aspiring to enter the workforce as well as educational institutions, maintains Weerasinghe.

Remarking that developing people’s skills is a core area of ILOs work, the ILO Country Director for Sri Lanka and the Maldives, Simrin Singh notes, “Skills Passport is an innovative endeavour to not only develop but to recognize people’s skills. The ILO is delighted to have supported the development of the Skills Passport from the very onset; now fully owned and driven by local employers and government constituents”.

The first-ever National Skills Passport (NSP) programme in the plantations industry was initiated by the Hayleys Plantations Sector, setting a new benchmark for human resource development. Hundred field officers representing Talawakelle Tea Estates (TTEL), Kelani Valley Plantations (KVPL) and Horana Plantations (HPL) were selected for the National Vocational Qualification (NVQ) which is the gateway to the NSP.

“When skills development is combined with technology, we are able to create powerful new opportunities. As an organization that has won global acclaim for our efforts to raise the quality of living for our employees, Hayleys Plantations is proud to have been the first to support our employees in joining a digitally empowered workforce and helping innovate new solutions to resolve long-standing challenges in our industry and the national economy as a whole,” Managing Director of Hayleys Plantations, Dr. Roshan Rajadurai says.

Field officers selected for the scheme possess a minimum of one year of experience in the field and are evaluated by NAITA for both theoretical and practical aspects in preliminary and final evaluation rounds. Once the evaluation process is complete, the respective staff member is issued a digital Skills Passport, which is a smart card with a QR code facilitating the convenient search of their skills online. 

“By producing field officers with NVQ qualifications, which is strengthened by them being awarded the first-ever Skills Passports, our innovative training and development drive recognized by several global and HR platforms is given more muscle,” HR and Corporate Sustainability General Manager of Kelani Valley Plantations, Anuruddha Gamage remarks.

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Vesak Sirisara – Buddhist Annual 2564/2020

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The first article in this annual is by Ven Siri Vajiraramaye Nanasiha Thera on ‘Taming the Animal Within’. He cites the Buddha in a sermon directed at a misbehaving monk when he compares unrestrained behaviour in man to six untamed animals and very effectively and succinctly points out that man’s six senses, if allowed to run unchecked, will surely cause untold damage to the man himself and to society in general. One of the strongest senses in a human, akin to animal instincts, is the sexual urge. It is necessary to gratify it for procreation and judiciously, but not by any means in an unrestrained manner. Of the six senses, the most difficult to hold in check is the mental faculty, identified by the Buddha as the forerunner of all good and evil.

K H J Wijedasa’s

‘Buddha Dhamma and Human Health’ is particularly apt in this time of raging infection. The article starts thus: “Even though the fundamental objective of Buddha Dhamma is to proclaim to humanity the way to release from the woes of Samsara, Buddha’s teachings include a multitude of guidelines that enable them to lead their mundane lives….”

Buddha declared “Arogya Parama Labha” and in its context guidelines for the preservation of environmental, physical and mental health were laid down, which are effective even at present. He enunciated ways to good health to those living monastic lives and to lay persons. The writer deals in detail on advice in the Buddha Dhamma on environmental health and physical and mental health of man. He mentions the benefit and power of meditation and ends with Kisa Gotami and how Buddha was a kind and concerned psychiatrist to her.

The other erudite articles you can choose from are:

‘Nature of Arahath’ by Prof N A de S Amaratunge; ‘Living the Dhamma’ by Asoka Jayasinghe; W A S Perera’s exposition of the Dhammachakkappvattana Sutta including a short biography of Kondanna Thera. More pragmatic are: ‘The importance of practicing generosity’ by Ven Ayagama Suseela Thera; ‘Be your own guru’ by Dr Susunage Weerapperuma; ‘The social service concept in Buddhist texts’ by Dr Leel Gunasaekera; and ‘Living the Dhamma’ by Asoka Mahinda Jayasinha. ‘Material phenomena and the mind’ by Dr Mass R Usuf; and ‘Pattica Samuppaada’ by Palitha Manchanayake are more in-depth studies of profound subject areas. Dr Usuf also contributed the concluding poem, which begins and ends with the cryptic:

“I know not …who am I!”

Chandra Wickramasinghe poetically explains the passing away of earthly glory headed by a Latin dictum: ‘Transit Gloria Mundi’ in which he poetically describes a cremation with flowers strewn from above. The inherent message is that all is unsubstantial; all end in death. This poem is somewhat different to most of Chandra’s poems with their allusions to the ancient classics and encapsulation of much into single words and phrases. The language here is simple.

Claudia Weeraperuma deals with Samatha –Tranquility in her poem.

Thus is seen the range of topics dealt with; and the balance of philosophical or esoteric in thought provoking articles along with the practical: translating Buddha’s advice on good lives and living graciously, striving to shorten samsaric existence.

Vesak Sirisara/ Buddhist Annual 2020 is in its 64th year of publication and free distribution, by the Government Services Buddhist Association whose current Editor is Neville Piyadigama; Assistant editor P Weerahandi. It is very commendable that a prestigious journal such as the Vesak Sirisara has continued its publication through the years with invaluable articles on Buddhism, by well known persons. This edition is dedicated to the memory of late Ven Dr K Sri Dhammananda Nayake Maha Thera of Malaysia.

The tranquility inducing beautiful cover design in soft shades of beige against a darker background is by Deepal Jayawardena who writes that it is a Ghandara statue of the first century BC; where the head of the Buddha shows Greek influence. The back cover carries a clear picture of the Dewanagala Raja Maha Viharaya in Mawanella.

N P Wanasundera

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