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Irreplaceable loss



Demise of Susil Sirivardana

The demise of Susil Sirivardana caused corrugated foreheads with instantly raised eyebrows and half asunder lips in all his friends and associates. No doubt that a chill of despair soon began to invade all their hearts. The country has lost an intellectually pregnant outstanding administrator who always wanted to feel the pulse of the people at large. This, he has demonstrated throughout his career.

After his Oxford education, Susil had all the opportunities laid before him to secure a comfortable and elitist occupation with a munificent wage either abroad or in Sri Lanka, but on his return to Sri Lanka, unlike any other educated elitist youth of the day, he asked for a teaching position, to start his career, not in a reputed private or public school in Colombo, but in any school in a backward district. As a sequel to his request, he was appointed as a teacher at Anuradhapura Central College where he demonstrated an appreciable mode of ‘plain living’ and ‘high thinking,’ winning the admiration of both students and teachers not only of the Anuradhapura Central, but of those in neighbouring schools, as well as in many others of different walks of life in the district who gradually came to be associated with him, over a period of four years.

In 1965, Susil sat for the highly competitive and much-coveted Sri Lanka Administrative Service Examination, topped the batch, and was subsequently appointed DLO of the Youth Settlement Scheme. It is in this position that he travelled far and wide in the country making a genuine effort to understand the many fold burning economic and social problems of the country’s youth during the late 1960s and early 1970s. The youth rallied around him with a high sense of appreciation for his services.

It is no secret that his popularity among youths irked some of those in power at the time. Though troubled, Susil had the courage, like that of phoenix, the mythical bird, to rise once again to contribute more than his share to national development. President Ranasinghe Premadasa, in recognition of Susil Sirivardana’s past administrative capabilities and managerial skills, appointed him as Director, Janasaviya Programme. Even though the beneficiaries of the Janasaviya Programme shall not and perhaps will not forget his yeoman services rendered towards youth’s uplift and poverty alleviation in Sri Lanka, it is a tragedy that those who came to power since 1994, failed to allow Susil to continue his dedicated engagement in rural development.

Susil was a man who went to the people, spent long hours with the people, learnt firsthand what the people knew, started to work with people with what they knew, but with good community leaders old and young, and when the work was accomplished he rejoiced with the people saying, “we have done it ourselves”. Where community leadership was lacking he selected promising youths to train and moulded them to become future community leaders.

His down-to-earth field-based development experiences that he eloquently, logically and amicably expressed at seminars, conferences, general and one-on-one meetings, for many more years following his demise, would continue to ring in the ears of the genuine Research and Development (R&D) professionals, who associated Susil, from which they undeniably learnt much. Susil’s professional and other associates, sharing his family’s grief over his demise, pray that he attain the Supreme Bliss of Nibbana.

M.U.A. Tennakoon, PhD, DSc

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This refers to the superlatively interesting and provocative piece on the above subject by Dr Upul Wijewardene{UW) appearing in The Island of 21/3/23 wherein, as he states, he had been a victim himself at the hands of a well-known Professor of Medicine turned health administrator. He makes it a point to castigate the leaders of the Buddhist clergy for their deviation from the sublime doctrine of this religion.

My first thought on this subject is that it is a cultural problem of exploitation by the privileged of the less fortunate fellow beings. The cultural aspect has its origin in the religion of the majority in India, Hinduism. There is no such discrimination in Islam.

The first recorded case was that of a Sinhala member of the Dutch army fighting against the Portuguese (or the army of the Kandiyan kingdom) being prevented by the members of the higher ranks from wearing sandals due to his low status in the caste hierarchy. The Dutch commander permitted the Sinhala solder to wear sandals as recorded by Paul Pieris in “Ceylon the Portuguese era”

There is also the instance of a monk getting up to meet the King when it was not the customary way of greeting the King by monks.

In an article by Dr Michael Roberts, a Sri Lankan historian published in a local journal, it is said that members of the majority caste (approximately 40% of the Sinhala population) were not permitting lower ranking public officials serving the British government wear vestments studded with brass buttons. The second tier of the hierarchy who had become rich through means other than agriculture like sale of alcohol in the early British times took their revenge by lighting crackers in front of houses of their caste rivals when a British Duke was marching along in a procession in Colombo.

It is not uncommon for members of minority castes numerically low in numbers to help their own kind due to the discriminatory practices of the higher tiers of the hierarchy.

Dr Leo Fernando
Talahena, Negombo

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Billion-dollar carrot



The IMF successfully coerced the government into falling line with its instructions on debt restructuring and increasing of revenue, among others, and in all probability will release the first tranche of the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) during the course of this week. Regrettably, the IMF is not coercive where the violations of fundamental rights of a country, vis a vis universal franchise, is concerned. On its part, the government flaunted this invaluable tool on the public, as the only remedy for all its financial ailments. It was least worried of the consequences that would necessarily follow.

Taking the cue, professionals and trade union activists dangled the carrot of carrot of strikes to restrain the government on its implementation, the results of which are still in abeyance. Not to be outdone, the powers that be has refused to relent on the grounds that the economy has to be strengthened at whatever costs.

Now that the IMF loan has materialized, the government is already focusing its attention on securing further assistance from other lending agencies. How will the IMF monies be expended, and for what purposes? Naturally, the people would want to know since it is they who have to foot the bill at the end. The Treasury insists that it has no funds to provide for the conduct of LG polls. Just 10% of the rupee equivalent of the first tranche of US $ 300 million will suffice for the successful completion of the elections. Provided the government wants to.

The President has assured that no sooner the Agreement is signed with the IMF, he would submit a copy of it to Parliament. It would be prudent if he would also submit (without plucking figures from thin air) a comprehensive expenditure account on the disbursement of the first tranche. And continue to do so for the rest.

Being fully aware of the country’s top priority needs, attention should be focused on providing them at reasonable prices. Besides them, agriculture, fishing and domestic industries should also be given due consideration. Merely dangling of carrots before them will not suffice.

Non-essential development projects should be shelved until the dreamed of economic stability is achieved. Of special note is that upkeep and interests of politicians should not be addressed with these funds.Can the people expect some sort of genuine transparency even at this late stage?


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Death penalty – another view



In his article, (The Island, 8th March), Dr Jayampathy Wickremeratne, would have us believe that the Death Penalty is not an effective deterrent and it should be abolished in Sri Lanka. Similar arguments are presented in India, home to some of the most horrendous crimes of violence against Women and children, and also in South Africa, where the death penalty was abolished despite strong opposition from the vast majority of the population.

Use of the Death Penalty purely for political purposes is always bad, but that’s not what the public are calling for. The public want the Death penalty implemented RIGOROUSLY, against those who have undeniably murdered children, and also serial killers whose victims are invariably women. Their crimes are gruesome but unfortunately need to be detailed to counter the pseudo- academic arguments of Death Penalty abolishonists. For example:

South Africa abolished the death penalty despite vigorous opposition. In South Africa one of its worst serial killers, led the police to the remains of 38 of his victims all of them women and all from the poorest class (mostly domestic servants).

On 12 March, India’s National Broadcaster NDTV reports the case of a man in Kashmir, whose marriage proposal was refused. He murdered his prospective young bride, cut up her body and disposed the remains in several places to avoid detection. A few days ago, a similar incident in India was reported by NDTV, where a 17-year-old was stabbed and dragged through s crowded street and murdered with no public intervention! In Sri Lanka a few years ago, four-year-old Seya fell victim to a murderer, rapist, a person known to her family, whom the child trusted. Likewise, a 17-year-old girl miss Sivaloganathan was raped and murdered in the North by a gang led by an individual known as “Swiss Kumar” a porn film maker of Sri Lankan origin, living in Switzerland. (One wonders whether he subsequently received the benevolent “Presidential Pardon”!

Other arguments used in Dr Wickremeratne’s article, are out of date. For example, he refers to wrongful convictions in a bygone age where DNA testing did not exist. DNA tests enable identity to be established and tie a murderer to the crime, beyond any doubt. Elsewhere he cites a Table where Murder rates are calculated as follows- “divide the number of murders by the total population, in death-penalty and non-death penalty states”. This methodology is patently flawed. It assumes that the populations of ALL 50 States in the USA are homogeneous in demography and other characteristics- it equates the violent State of New York with relatively peaceful Alaska.

Dr W advocated “long term imprisonment” in lieu of death penalty. Frankly this is the academic argument of a person removed from everyday life and steeped in Academia, “the social cost of rehabilitation” is Immense! It has been estimated that the cost of keeping a person on death row is at least Rs 50,000 per month – for the rest of the murderers’ life! It should ALSO be pointed out that in Singapore and other countries where the death penalty operates, murder rates are significantly low.


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