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Civil Aviation in Sri Lanka and economy

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According to the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO): “Civil aviation includes air transport (commercial carriage by air), non-commercial flying (such as private flying), commercial non-transport (such as aerial crop dusting and surveying), infrastructure (such as airports and air navigation facilities) and manufacturing (such as aircraft, engines, and avionics).

“Air transport is the lead constituent of civil aviation. In 2001, scheduled airline services alone carried approximately 1,600 million passengers and moved some 30 million tonnes of freight and mail worldwide. Around 40 per cent by value of the world’s manufactured exports and more than 45 per cent of the more than 700 million international tourists were transported by air that year.

“Air transport has traditionally experienced higher growth than most other industries. Demand for air transport is closely linked with economic development; at the same time air transport is a driver in an economy.

“The contribution of air transport and related civil aviation industries to local, regional or national economies includes the output and jobs directly attributable to civil aviation as well as the multiplier or ripple effect upon other industries throughout the economy.

“In a nutshell, more than four-and-a-half percent of the world economic output may be attributed to the air transport component of civil aviation.”

As can be seen from the above ICAO quote, the civil aviation industry could be a major driver in passenger transport, and the carriage of mail and freight, provided the correct choices are made and it is managed properly, especially in an island nation such as Sri Lanka. The need of the times is to have individuals of unquestionable integrity appointed to positions of responsibility in civil aviation. Furthermore, such persons should have a proper education and exposure to international relations and business acumen. However, such has not been the case in the recent history of Sri Lankan commercial aviation.

The UL Club Sri Lanka is gravely concerned and disappointed that some policy makers appointed to civil aviation are persons with questionable backgrounds and lacking the necessary prerequisites. Those individuals are thereby letting down the highly competitive and technical civil aviation industry through their lack of competence to administer and direct it. Furthermore, it is a breach of the ‘social contract’ between the government and the governed (citizens of Sri Lanka).

Formed 17 years ago, UL Club Sri Lanka is a non-profit organisation whose members consist of a group of non-political, like-minded, retired senior executives of the national carrier. ‘UL’ is, of course, the two-letter prefix assigned in turn to Air Lanka and SriLankan Airlines by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). Members of the UL Club Sri Lanka have the industry knowledge and experience which, they believe, qualifies them to comment on matters detrimental to development of Sri Lanka’s civil aviation industry with its tremendous potential for earning valuable foreign exchange.

Capt G.A. Fernando
President, UL Club Sri Lanka



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Opinion

How many people can the Earth sustain?

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=On Nov 15 November 2022, we became a world of 8 billion people. 

It’s a milestone we can celebrate, and an occasion to reflect: How can we create a world in which all 8 billion of us can thrive? The growth of our population is a testament to humanity’s achievements, including reductions in poverty and gender inequality, advancements in health care, and expanded access to education. These have resulted in more women surviving childbirth, more children surviving their early years, and longer, healthier lifespans, decade after decade.

Looking beyond the averages, at the populations of countries and regions, the picture is much more nuanced – and quickly takes us beyond the numbers themselves. Stark disparities in life expectancy point to unequal access to health care, opportunities and resources, and unequal burdens of violence, conflict, poverty and ill health.

Birth rates vary from country to country, with some populations still growing fast, others beginning to shrink. But underlying these trends, whichever way they point, is a widespread lack of choice. Discrimination, poverty and crisis – as well as coercive policies that violate the reproductive rights of women and girls – put sexual and reproductive health care and information, including contraception and sex education, out of reach for far too many people.

We face serious challenges as a global community, including the mounting impacts of climate change, ongoing conflicts and forced displacement. To meet them, we need resilient countries and communities. And that means investing in people and making our societies inclusive, so that everyone is afforded a quality of life that allows them to thrive in our changing world.

To build demographic resilience, we need to invest in better infrastructure, education and health care, and ensure access to sexual and reproductive health and rights. We need to systematically remove the barriers – based on gender, race, disability, sexual orientation or migration status – that prevent people from accessing the services and opportunities they need to thrive.

We need to rethink models of economic growth and development that have led to overconsumption and fuelled violence, exploitation, environmental degradation and climate change, and we need to ensure that the poorest countries – which did not create these problems, yet bear the brunt of their impacts – have the resources to build the resilience and well-being of their growing populations.

We need to understand and anticipate demographic trends, so that governments can make informed policies and resource allocations to equip their populations with the right skills, tools and opportunities.

But while demographic trends can help guide the policy choices we make as societies, there are other choices – including if and when to have children – that policy cannot dictate, because they belong to each individual. This right to bodily autonomy underlies the full range of our human rights, forming a foundation for resilient, inclusive and thriving societies that can meet the challenges of our world. When our bodies and futures are our own, we are #8BillionStrong.

(UNFPA)

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Opinion

Sri Lanka Now Famous For Bribery And Corruption

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Bribery and corruption are two words that Sri Lanka has become “famous” for during the last few decades. This was something rare about half a century ago. We very rarely heard of Cabinet Ministers resorting to bribery, except in two cases.

If I remember right one was indicted in courts and had to serve a period in Her Majesty’s free hostel. The other was one of the members of the multi-Member Kadugannawa constituency, but it was not a very serious one as it involved the granting of appointments like sub-Post Mistress. There was also a businessman nabbed for giving bribes and held in a house in Paget Road. However, then it was rare and only a few cases such as that mentioned were known. In addition, these instances did not in any way effect the economy of the country or the people.

Gradually, the art of bribery and corruption became so well-known that most investors and contractors from abroad and locally were not willing to tender for essential supplies and construction of buildings and roads as they had to oil the palms right down the line. At one time a Cabinet Minister was nicknamed Mr. Ten Percent indicating his ‘cut’ on any tender or contract!

This country became famous for bribery and corruption in a big way after the tsunami in 2004 with the Helping Hambantota project, where funds from abroad to assist the victims went into a wrong pocket.

It was also very recently that a Cabinet Minister was reported to the President regarding a bribe he had solicited from a foreign tenderer. The then President asked him to step down till an inquiry was held. But with the change in the top position, a retired judge was appointed to inquire into this allegation. As in the bond scam the inquiry found him not guilty, and he was reinstated in the Cabinet. It is only in Sri Lanka that this type of thing could happen.

The Sri Lankan diaspora would have helped the country to recover from the economic mess the leaders plunged it into by sending money from abroad. But they did not want to do so as they knew what would happen to such funds. Even people here requested them not to send assistance till the corrupt leaders have been got rid of.This resplendent island may have been the pearl of the Indian Ocean at one time but now it has become notorious for bribery and corruption! When will we get honest leaders to run this country as was done about a century ago?

HM NISSANKA WARAKAULLE

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Opinion

The Rehabilitation Bill

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The high priests of our temple of justice has reaffirmed our faith in our legal system and the rule of law. A country without the rule of law will disintegrate into worse chaos than we are plunged in today.

It was heartening to see the determination by the Supreme Court on the Rehabilitation Bill. The legal preamble is a bit hard for an average lay person to follow. To my understanding, they have thrown some strong road blocks on the passage of this Bill. Well and good. I don’t think it will be that easy for the govt to surmount them. The legal fraternity, civil society and ordinary citizens, must fight hard to see that there is no transgression of the determination of the Supreme Court.

We need not and don’t need to incarcerate anybody. Those addicted to drugs should be handled by the health dept. or better still their families. These are our misguided sons and daughters who have taken a wrong path due to a failure in their families and the society around them. They need to be handled with care and consideration. Institutionalizing them would make the problem a costly failure.

Our lawmakers should hang their heads in shame if they vote for this draconian Bill as they may be viewed as persons who serve the wishes of the rulers and not those of the people.

Padmini Nanayakkara
Colombo-3

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