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21-A: Proposals from SBJ, SLPP rebels, PM to be submitted to AG

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Prez receives draft Constitution prepared by Romesh’s team

by Shamindra Ferdinando

Speaker Mahinda Yapa Abeywardena says all proposals in respect of the 21st Amendment to be introduced to the Constitution will be submitted to Attorney General Sanjay Rajaratnam through the Cabinet.

Speaker Abeywardena says that by sending the proposals throught the Cabinet of Ministers, he has sought to speed up the process of introducing the 21st Amendment, as the politico-economic situation is deteriorating.

Meanwhile, a nine-member expert committee led by Romesh de Silva, PC has recently submitted the English version of a draft Constitution to President Gotabaya Rajapaksa. Well informed sources said that the Sinhala version would be available next week for the perusal of political parties.

In a brief interview with The Island yesterday (24), Speaker Abeywardena, who held several portfolios, including agriculture in the previous PA, and UPFA administrations, said the two proposals received from the main Opposition Samagi Jana Balavegaya (SJB) and the SLPP rebel group had already been sent to the Secretary to the Cabinet of Ministers for consideration. The Cabinet is expected to meet today (25).

According to the Speaker, those proposals would be considered, along with Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa’s proposal for the restoration of the provisions of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution. The Cabinet of Ministers following deliberations among members of the Cabinet, would submit the proposals to the AG, the Speaker said.

The Speaker acknowledged the dispute over the continuation of the executive presidency as the main difference between the proposals submitted by the SJB and the SLPP rebel group.

The SJB wants to abolish the executive presidency; the SLPP rebels want to retain it; they have demanded that the Prime Minister and the Cabinet resign immediately, paving the way for the appointment of an interim administration.

SJB leader Sajith Premadasa told The Island that his party would push for the abolition of the executive presidency, and it would not compromise that stand under any circumstances.

Referring to the recent talks between the IMF and Pakistan and the advice given by the former as regards the need for an end to political turmoil, Speaker Abeywardena said that Sri Lanka couldn’t ignore the need for political stability to obtain IMF assistance.

Spokesperson for the SLPP rebel group, MP Gevindu Cumaratunga, said that as the newly-appointed Cabinet of ministers was not acceptable to the public, all the ministers including the PM should quit.

Speaker Abeywardena stressed the need to take the public into confidence. “We must apprise them of the actual situation. They should know the financial crisis, as well as the current situation in Ukraine and Western sanctions imposed on Russia over the invasion of the former Soviet territory, has caused serious disruptions to the global wheat flour supply. Faced with an unprecedented forex crisis, we will find it difficult to provide even the basic requirements. We are heading for a food shortage, Speaker Abeywardena said.

There was no point in denying the fact that both food and energy security had been threatened and the country faced the danger of the national economy collapsing unless the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary took tangible measures now, Speaker Abeywardena said. The former Minister warned of dire consequences unless grievances of the public were addressed. The government couldn’t turn a blind eye to those protesting opposite the Presidential Secretariat, the Speaker said.

Responding to another query, the Speaker said that perhaps the vast majority of protesters including those involved in the Galle Face campaign weren’t aware of the pathetic situation the country was facing.

The Speaker said that the country has had to seek urgent financial assistance from the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the World Bank (WB) to procure medicine, medical equipment. “Have you ever heard of Sri Lanka experiencing such difficulties at even the most difficult phases of the war when out ports were under threat of terrorist attacks?”



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More than 6 bn worth of substandard drugs dispensed to patients

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The Committee of Public Accounts (COPA) has disclosed that Rs. 6,259 million worth of drugs faced a quality failure from 2011 to 2020 due to improper storage. The COPA report has further revealed that 99% of such drugs had already been dispensed to patients when the condition was brought to attention. In that situation, it was not possible to recover the cost of substandard drugs from the suppliers, the Parliament said.

The Committee on Public Accounts has directed the Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine to expedite the process of facilitating better storage of drugs to ensure their safety.

It has also been observed that the temperature in the warehouses, owned by the Medical Supplies Division, is maintained properly and that the medical supplies are stored in the corridors of the central drug warehouses and hospitals.

Furthermore, the Secretary to the Ministry has pointed out that if there is a system to detect the failure of drugs as soon as they are received, the loss can be recovered from the suppliers and if the quality testing of 60 drugs can be done by the State Pharmaceutical Corporation, this situation can be avoided to some extent.

These concerns and observations were contained in the first report of the Second Session of the Ninth Parliament on COPA, which was tabled in Parliament recently (20) by Prof. Tissa Vitarana, the Chairman of the Committee on Public Accounts.

The report contains information about the investigations of seven state institutions summoned before the Committee on Public Accounts and one Special Audit Report during the period from 04.08.2021 to 19.11.2021.

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CBSL Chief: Economy could be stabilised in year or so if …

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By Hiran H. Senewiratne

The prevailing Balance of Payments (BoP) crisis could lead to a major social crisis as the available foreign reserves were only sufficient for a few weeks’ imports, Governor of the Central Bank Dr. Nandalal Weerasinghe warned on Monday.

“The economy can be stabilised in the next 12 month if the IMF negotiations and debt restructuring are finalised within the next seven to eight months. Until then we have to support the poor people,” Dr. Weerasinghe said, addressing a seminar on the “State of the Economy and Talks with the IMF”. It was organised by the Press Club, together with the Press Institute, at Colombo Hilton.

The CB Governor said the current BoP crisis would worsen and, therefore the economic pain could only be minimised if essential policies and measures were implemented in an expeditious manner. But “IMF technical level virtual meetings are likely to conclude this week, and thereafter further discussion will take place to finalise everything,” Dr. Weerasinghe said.

Dr. Weerasinghe suggested that the monetary and fiscal authorities tighten the monetary policy by higher margins and fiscal policy by restoring tax rates to pre-2020 levels.

The Governor said, “We have three categories of creditors namely International Sovereign Bonds, which raise short term funds from global markets, which account for 35 percent of the government debt, while other two creditors are Paris Club and non-Paris Club (India and China).

Dr. Weerasinghe said that the country’s debt needed to be brought to a sustainable level. “For that purpose a debt sustainability analysis needs to be drafted with a fiscal policy for the IMF bailout”, he said.

Speaking about the country’s worsening economic fundamentals, Dr. Weerasinghe said: “The nation is currently experiencing a historically low economic growth and falling trend of per capita GDP since 2017 with rising levels of poverty. It is also running the highest fiscal deficits since 1988 with the lowest ever government revenue as a percent of GDP.

“Amid those developments Sri Lanka’ poverty level will increase, unemployment level soar and local industries will have to shut down due to restriction of importation of raw material. Therefore, we have to seek humanitarian assistance from the World Bank, Asian Development Bank and other bilateral and multilateral agencies”, the Governor said.

“We are seeking short-term bridging facilities from official creditors until an agreement is reached with creditors on restructuring,” he said.

In his presentation, Dr. Weerasinghe analysed the links between banking and the currency crises. He pointed out that the problems in the banking sector typically precede a currency crisis with the currency crisis deepening the banking crisis, thus activating a vicious spiral.

Sri Lanka also had the highest-ever government debt which was unsustainable at the moment. Debt dynamics might be worsening in the next few years unless the debt was restructured, he said.

Sri Lanka also recorded the highest rate of inflation in 12 years which was increasing sharply and was experiencing the highest-ever levels of money printing by the CBSL, he added

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Dragonfly thought to be extinct found again

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By Ifham Nizam

Scientists have rediscovered Sri Lankan Clubtail (Anisogomphus ceylonicus), one of the rarest species of dragonflies in the country. The team that made the discovery comprised Amila Sumanapala of the Department of Zoology and Environment Sciences, University of Colombo, T. Ranasinghe of the Butterfly Conservation Society of Sri Lanka, and D. Sumanapala of the Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Sri Jayewardenepura. According to lead scientist Amila Sumanapala Sri Lankan Clubtail is one of the rarest species of dragonflies.

First collected in 1859, it was only known from the original collection and another collection record made a century after in 1962. This species had not been found anywhere in Sri Lanka for close to 60 years until the team encountered a larva during a survey conducted in 2021.

Anisogomphus ceylonicus is one of the few Odonates of Sri Lanka with no photographic records of a living specimen available hitherto.

The present observation provides the first photographs of a live A. ceylonicus larva and the most recent documentation of the species. These observations, coupled with previous work (Lieftinck 1971, Bedjanič & van der Poorten 2013), provide an improved understanding of the species, which might enable further targeted surveys to be made

It was first discovered from Ramboda over 140 years ago based on a female specimen, which was originally described as Gomphus ceylonicus and later assigned to the genus Heliogomphus by F.C. Fraser (Bedjanič & van der Poorten 2013). Almost a century later, Lieftinck (1971) collected an immature male and its exuvia of a clubtail dragonfly from Rambukpath Oya, 10 miles northwest of Hatton in 1962 and described it as Anisogomphus solitaris. However, Bedjanič & van der Poorten (2013) recognized that H. ceylonicus is conspecific with A. solitaris, and thus reassigned it to the genus Anisogomphus. Since the discovery of the species, only these two records have ever been documented (Bedjanič et al. 2014), despite odonatological surveys and numerous biodiversity explorations conducted countrywide.

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